GOVERNMENT TYPE: Federation
(The Russian Federation is a democratic federal
rule-of-law state with the republican form of government.
The names "Russian
Federation" and "Russia" are equivalent.)
CAPITAL: Moscow (Moskva)
POPULATION: 141,377,752 (6th largest)
RELIGIONS: Russian Orthodox and others (no official state religion)
STATE LANGUAGE: Russian
ETHNIC GROUPS: Russian (81.5%), Tatars (3.8), Ukrainian (3.0), Belarusian (0.8),
LITERACY: 99.6% of total population over age 15 can read and write (95.5% of females
and 99.7% of males)
LAND AREA: 17,075,200 sq. km.
Land: 16,995,800 sq. km.
Water: 79,400 sq. km.
INDEPENDENCE: August 24,1991 (from Soviet Union)
CONSTITUTION: Adopted December 12, 1993
LEGAL SYSTEM: Based on civil law system; judical review of legislative acts
VOTING RIGHTS: 18 years old; universal
NATIONAL HOLIDAY: Russia Day, June 12th
The current Russian national flag is more than 300-years old. Tsar Peter the Great
originally designed the flag in the late 1600s.
The flag was reinstituted on August 21, 1991, after the fall of the Communist
Government, and adopted as the National Flag on under Russian federal law.
The ruble is the standard unit of currency in Russia.
One ruble is made of of 100 kopeeks. Ruble notes are available in 5, 10, 50, 100, 500,
1,000 and 5,000 denominations.
Kopeeks are coins and appear in values of 1, 5, 10, and 50 kopeeks. A one ruble coin is
also in circulation.
U. S. dollar is equal to approximately 24.5 rubles.