Public Health Objectives - unit 1:what is public health 1...

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unit 1:what is public health 1. define public health? public health refers to all organized measures to promote health, prevent diseases and prolong life among the population as a whole through organized community efforts 2.Describe 5 ways in which the profession of Public Health influences the public’s health *health services researchers help study and ensure the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of the medical care system *environmental scientists prevent the spread of diseases through air food or water *biomedical researchers understand and control new diseases *epidemiologists help investigate the cause for disease outbreaks *statisticians assess the community’s health for example they gather data and measure a wide range of health indicators for community List the Five Core Disciplines in Public Health *epidemiology *biostatistics *social and behavioral science *health policy management *environmental sciences Unit 2: Controversies in Public Health 1. Compare “Market Justice” with “Social Justice” market justice emphasizes individual responsibility, minimal obligation to the common good and the fundamental freedom of all individuals to be left alone. Environment social structure and heredity prevent an even distribution of the burden and benefit of society; while with social justice members of a community have collective responsibility for their common good , healthcare is viewed as a social resource and not a reward based on heredity, environment or social structure. 1. Using a real life public health problem of your choice discuss the main issues that arise in the debates on how and what to do to resolve this problem (or any PH problem). a. Ie: Economic costs, Individual liberty, Moral/religious opposition, political interference. b. You do not need to discuss all of these if they do not apply to your PH problem but show that you have considered all of them. expansion of newborn screening programs is a public health problem that faces numerous ethical controversies such as cost, evidence and parental consent. cost is an issue because these programs are funded by collective resources(taxes,etc), some argue that costs should not be brought up when the lives of infants are at stake, costs continues to be an issue under this program. another issue is evidence , this involves collective information about the pros and cons of newborn screening, and how much evidence is enough to prove that the program is beneficial enough to actually expand. and lastly individual liberty is an issue which falls under parental consent because the individuals in question are infants ,the mandatory status of the newborn screening programs conflicts the rights of individuals to decide what treatment s they will and will not receive.
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Unit 3: Powers and Responsibilities of Government 1. Discuss how the federal government obtains its’ powers and what those powers are.
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