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Chap 3 2008 - 7 Explain the four ways that nutrients are...

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DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION , Chapter 3 1. Differentiate between hunger and appetite. Differentiate between satiation and satiety. Explain the role that dietary fat, protein and carbohydrate play in satiation and satiety. 2. Distinguish between the terms digestion and absorption. 3. Describe the role of enzymes in digestion. Include a discussion of enzyme specificity and nomenclature. 4. Define bolus, chyme, peristalsis, segmentation, reflux, bile, emulsification, pH, artery, vein, lymph, enzyme, hormone and homeostasis. 5. List or diagram organs in the GI tract in order including the sphincters and valves, secretions and degree of digestion that occurs in each organ. Include the liver and gallbladder. 6. List and describe the digestive effects of saliva, gastric juices, pancreatic enzymes, bicarbonate, bile, mucus and intestinal enzymes.
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Unformatted text preview: 7. Explain the four ways that nutrients are absorbed into intestinal cells. 8. Describe the relationship of the lymph system to the blood system, list the type of nutrients that travel through each system and the difference of the routes they take following absorption. 9. Describe the causes and treatments of common GI problems heartburn, celiac disease, ulcers, diarrhea and constipation. 10. Explain the statement that “Good nutrition and good digestion are interdependent.” 11. List breakdown products for carbohydrate, protein, and fat. 12. Describe the structure of the small intestine including the 3 sections and the unique design that contributes to efficient nutrient absorption. State where most absorption occurs. 1. teners. (concepts not numbers)...
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