Student NameSean MayfieldHistory 214The KKK in the Pacific NorthwestWhen people think of the 1920s they often think of flappers, cars, women’s rights, prohibition, Woodrow Wilson, and, in the end, the Great Depression. People do not think about the Klu Klux Klan when thinking about this era. Yet, the Klu Klux Klan had resurfaced shortly before World War I (WWI) in 1915, and after the war the membership skyrocketed. When hearing this the next thing people think of is that it was only in the deep South. Yet, that was notthe case. The Klu Klux Klan formed its headquarters on the West coast in Oregon. “By 1923 Oregon Klan leaders claimed 35,000 members in more than sixty local chapters and provisional Klans” in Oregon (Eckard). So, what was the cause behind the KKK forming in the Pacific Northwest? Why were people drawn to it? It can all be attributed to the political and social climate after WWI.The climate became more about returning to traditional values, self-preservation, and anti-communistic, but one of great change. The KKK represented a return to “Americanism” and that is what people wanted, a return to normalcy after the war and after the upheavals of labor radicalism. The Ku Klux Klan and other proponents of "true Americanism" moved to defend institutions that they believed to be under attack by "outsiders," who included immigrants, Catholics, and Jews. It was this idea that drew in the people from the Pacific Northwest to join the Klu Klux Klan.In the end of 1918 the first World War ended, and the communists had taken over in Russia. Many had only heard that communism was a socialist form of government.