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Unformatted text preview: Federalism A. Three systems of Government I. Unitary System: all powers are vested in the national Government; subnational units are creatures of the national government (European Governments arent strictly unitary). II. Confederal System: The National Government exists and operates only at the direction of the subnational governments. The local units hold all the power. III. Federalism: Government powers divided between a central government and regional, or subdivisional governments. B. Advantages of Federalism I. Dispersion of power. II. Keeps government closer to the people (can visit local Representative). III. States/local officials can experiment with policies. C. Disadvantages of federalism I. Problems with coordination among the levels of Government. II. In a federalist system there is lack of uniformity of laws across the States/Localities. D. The U.S. Constitution defined federalism in terms of powers. I. Powers Delegated to national government: a. Express powers: those written in constitution....
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