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Unformatted text preview: Babylon-1900-1595 Mari- flourished 3000-1757 Mitanni- 1500-1250 Kalhu 883-859 Nineveh 704-681 Hattusa- 1800-1200 Phrygia- 8 th century Lydia- 7 th-6 th century Croesus- 560-547 Caria- 7 th-6 th century Persepolis- king darius (516 b.c) Sargon of Kish- conquered Uruk, Ur, Lagash, extended to n. Syria and elam. Greatest kings in sumer (2334-2279) Gudeau of Lagash- findings (2150) Third dyasty of ur (2119-2004) renaissance Hammurabi (192-1750) king of Babylon xtend influence military and dip, from mari to elam, code of laws discovered engraved Old Hittite kingdom (1650-1500) Empire (1430-1200) battle (1274) Assur- uballlit (1363-1328) noted dip correspond Egypt hittites political influence Babylon Assurnasirpal II (883-859) successful military campaine Tiglath (744-727) usurper, reorganized army conquered cities in n. Syria deporting inhabitants Sargon II (721-705) usurper, took name reference akkadian king; political instability reestablished military over samaria, israel, uratu and Babylon died in battle 705 Sennacherib (704-681 BC); son of Sargon; moved his capital to Nineveh and built palaces; campaigned against Judah and destroyed Babylon Assurbanipal (668-627? BC); the last great Assyrian king; conquered Egypt; defeated and killed the king of Elam; fine reliefs at Nineveh Late Babylonian Dynasty , 609-539 BC Nabopolassar (625-605 BC); first king of the Late Babylonian Dynasty Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562 BC) king and formidable general, campaigned against the Egyptians and Jerusalem; built up the city of Babylon, including, according to tradition, the Hanging Gardens Persian (Achaemenid) Empire , 539-329 BC Cyrus the Great (559-530 BC); defeated the Medes; then King Croesus of Lydia (547 BC); and captured Babylon (539 BC) Cambyses (529-522 BC); captured Egypt in 525 BC Darius I (522-486 BC); secured the kingship and put down revolts throughout the empire; began the campaign against the Greeks Peoples and ethnic groups: Sumerians : the original inhabitants of Sumer, a non-Semitic people, who called themselves the â€oeblack-headed peopleâ€• ; Sumerian language and literature continued to be written long after the spoken language was abandoned. Akkadians : the Semitic people who lived in Sumer along with the Sumerians; eventually the Akkadians became the dominant political power. Amorites : the Amorites were a western Semitic people, who ruled in several cities in Syria and Canaan, as well as in Babylon in the first half of the second millennium BC Kassites : a tribe of uncertain origin that migrated from Iran to Mesopotamia, taking control of Babylon for nearly 400 years, c. 1595-1154 BC, but maintaining the Babylonian bureaucracy; their language remains largely undeciphered....
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2008 for the course NATS 101 taught by Professor Allister during the Spring '08 term at Arizona.
- Spring '08
- The Bible