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Study guide quiz 2

Study guide quiz 2 - Babylon19001595 Mitanni15001250...

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Babylon -1900-1595 Mari- flourished 3000-1757 Mitanni - 1500-1250 Kalhu 883-859 Nineveh 704-681 Hattusa - 1800-1200 Phrygia- 8 th century Lydia- 7 th -6 th century Croesus - 560-547 Caria - 7 th -6 th century Persepolis - king darius (516 b.c) Sargon of Kish - conquered Uruk, Ur, Lagash, extended to n. Syria and elam. Greatest kings in sumer (2334-2279) Gudeau of Lagash - findings (2150) Third dyasty of ur (2119-2004) renaissance Hammurabi (192-1750) king of Babylon xtend influence military and dip, from mari to elam, code of laws discovered engraved Old Hittite kingdom (1650-1500) Empire (1430-1200) battle (1274) Assur - uballlit (1363-1328) noted dip correspond Egypt hittites political influence Babylon Assurnasirpal II (883-859) successful military campaine Tiglath (744-727) usurper, reorganized army conquered cities in n. Syria deporting inhabitants Sargon II (721-705) usurper, took name reference akkadian king; political instability reestablished military over samaria, israel, uratu and Babylon died in battle 705 Sennacherib (704-681 BC); son of Sargon; moved his capital to Nineveh and built palaces; campaigned against Judah and destroyed Babylon Assurbanipal (668-627? BC); the last great Assyrian king; conquered Egypt; defeated and killed the king of Elam; fine reliefs at Nineveh Late Babylonian Dynasty , 609-539 BC
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Nabopolassar (625-605 BC); first king of the Late Babylonian Dynasty Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562 BC) king and formidable general, campaigned against the Egyptians and Jerusalem; built up the city of Babylon, including, according to tradition, the Hanging Gardens Persian (Achaemenid) Empire , 539-329 BC Cyrus the Great (559-530 BC); defeated the Medes; then King Croesus of Lydia (547 BC); and captured Babylon (539 BC) Cambyses (529-522 BC); captured Egypt in 525 BC Darius I (522-486 BC); secured the kingship and put down revolts throughout the empire; began the campaign against the Greeks Peoples and ethnic groups: Sumerians : the original inhabitants of Sumer, a non-Semitic people, who called themselves the â€oeblack-headed people― ; Sumerian language and literature continued to be written long after the spoken language was abandoned. Akkadians : the Semitic people who lived in Sumer along with the Sumerians; eventually the Akkadians became the dominant political power. Amorites : the Amorites were a western Semitic people, who ruled in several cities in Syria and Canaan, as well as in Babylon in the first half of the second millennium BC Kassites : a tribe of uncertain origin that migrated from Iran to Mesopotamia, taking control of Babylon for nearly 400 years, c. 1595-1154 BC, but maintaining the Babylonian bureaucracy; their language remains largely undeciphered. Elamites : the earliest inhabitants of the area east of Sumer (in modern day western Iran); their origin is uncertain; their language is unrelated to Sumerian, Semitic, or Indo- European. Hittites : an Indo-European group that migrated into Anatolia around 2000 BC; from c.
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