CA Hist Notes Post-Midterm

CA Hist Notes Post-Midterm - Second Half of Class Overall...

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Second Half of Class: Overall Theme: The State of California’s Phenomenal Economic and Population  Growth Not every state grows so rapidly and impressively as CA Subthemes:: Early transportation and the Gold Rush Water resources development Agribusiness (Grapes of Wrath) Oil and Show biz WWII Post-War CA
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The California Gold Rush 8/26/08 Gold rush the most important event in CA history Gold rush financed other gold rushes like in Nevada Hydraulicking made the climate different a little—floods and drying o So bad they outlawed it Could say CA would be better off without the gold Produced billions of gold Brought more than 150,000 people into the before not very populated state Lots of poor miners who didn’t strike it rich stuck in CA Rancho economy John Sutter Received a large land grant  Looked to be one of the big wheels of CA, whatever it was American River Around present day Sacramento New Helvetia Sutter’s land area Raising livestock, crops, and logging James Marshall Sutter’s partner for the logging business
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Coloma Sutter and Marshall built a saw mill area, about 45 miles east of Sutter’s huge  fort Sutter’s Mill A water-powered mill, the one in Coloma Noticed that there was some shiny thing at the bottom of the waterbed at the  mill Marshall picked up a handful and they did several tests back at Sutter’s Fort,  proved beyond a doubt it was at least 23 Karat gold!! Decided to try to keep it a secret that they found it The workers knew though, and they started digging for it Rumors spread, beginning of 1848 Sam Brannan Mormon from Salt Lake City Bought area by Sutter’s Fort and set up a general store Stocked his store with gold mining supplies “Gold gold gold from the American River!” in San Francisco Entire town of San Francisco emptied out Most towns in CA lost most population to the gold rush Brannan became very rich off his ploy—everyone shopped there Eventually went bankrupt 48ers 49ers Arrived in CA in 1849, coming from all over the nation and world
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Over 100,000 people came over land California Trail Hastings Cutoff was common now Cholera A strain that came from Asia to the US Devastating on the over land trails Bacterial intestinal infection cause by drinking feces-infested water Death Valley People trying to cross this, etc Named it this New Immigrants in CA Before Gold Rush, about 1,000 Chinese After 1852, about 25,000 Chinese
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2008 for the course HIST 177 taught by Professor Graves during the Spring '07 term at UCSB.

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CA Hist Notes Post-Midterm - Second Half of Class Overall...

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