Lecture 1 - Energy Technology for the Future How will...

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Energy Technology for the Future How will energy systems be developed for the increased demands and changing requirements?
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2 The Key Questions about Energy for the Next Century How much energy do we need? What is the role of energy on human activity? How much energy is available? What is the impact of energy production and use on the future?
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3 What resources do we need? Transportation Liquid fuels (petroleum) Agriculture Natural gas, coal (fertilizers) Liquid fuels (farm equipment) Manufacturing Electricity (coal, nuclear) Chemical feedstocks (petroleum) Housing Electricity Heating/Cooling
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4 Engineering Issues with Energy Development Primary Source of Energy Fossil Fuels Nuclear Renewables Disposal of Waste Heat Thermal pollution of aquatic environment Economies of scale Why are large power plants more efficient than smaller plants? Environmental Impact Carbon emissions? Air/Water pollution? Water requirements Food production Community/industry integration
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How much energy will we need? http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/international/energyconsumption.html Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Reference Case, 1990-2030 (Quadrillion Btu) Region/Country History Projections 1990 2004 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Total OECD Liquids 83.6 98.2 98.7 98.5 102.1 103.7 105.1 107.2 Natural Gas 37.2 53.1 53.4 57.3 61.2 64.1 66.1 68.3 Coal 43.5 47.0 47.3 48.7 49.9 51.2 52.9 55.0 Nuclear 17.3 23.1 23.2 23.8 24.3 24.8 26.0 26.8 Other 15.9 17.9 18.2 21.3 22.9 25.2 27.5 28.7 Total 197.5 239.4 240.9 249.7 260.5 269.0 277.6 285.9 Non-OECD Total Non-OECD Liquids 52.9 68.4 70.8 82.6 92.3 102.4 111.9 122.1 Natural Gas 38.0 50.2 53.9 63.0 73.1 82.8 89.6 96.4 Coal 45.7 69.1 75.2 91.5 107.9 120.5 133.8 147.3 Nuclear 3.1 4.3 4.2 5.1 7.1 9.7 11.8 12.6 Other 10.3 15.9 17.2 20.7 22.1 24.0 27.2 30.3 Total 149.9 207.9 221.3 262.8 302.5 339.4 374.2 408.8 Total World Liquids 136.4 166.6 169.4 181.1 194.4 206.1 216.9 229.3 Natural Gas 75.2 103.3 107.4 120.3 134.4 146.9 155.8 164.7 Coal 89.2 116.1 122.5 140.2 157.8 171.7 186.7 202.2 Nuclear 20.4 27.4 27.5 28.8 31.4 34.5 37.7 39.4 Other 26.2 33.8 35.5 42.0 45.0 49.3 54.7 59.0 Total 347.4 447.3 462.2 512.5 563.0 608.4 651.8 694.7
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energy we need? What is the essential energy requirement for
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Lecture 1 - Energy Technology for the Future How will...

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