posc 130 midterm partial sg

posc 130 midterm partial sg - 16/02/2007 16:21:00 Queen v....

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16/02/2007 16:21:00 Queen v. Dudley/Stevens- 1884, 2 sailors sentenced to death for killing  shipmate, then ate him, deals with necessity and duress, they argued necessity of  survival, Is it always preferable to uphold common law, arguments ag dire  circumstances, brings up the question of dependence- should laws reflect legality or  public opinion Williams v. Walker Thomas Furniture Co.- case about valid contract, argument of  last resort-unconsiounability- which is the absense of meaningful choice on part of one  of the perties together with contract terms that are unreasonable , so if there is  unconsiousn. Should contract be held Different Schools of jurisprudence- philosophical school- morality and law are  overlapping, the premise is that human nature involves rationality Analytical school-(legal positivism) law is tied to the state, comes from supreme  poltical authority, sometimes difficult to distinguish between law and custom, for  sometimes laws are not written, Bohanan custom later becomes law Historical school- law and society movement- law reflects values of society,  claims that law should be looked at in a social context Sociological jurispendence or legal realism- law takes into account many  interests, use all academic areas Critical legal studies- realism with Marxism- race, feminism, etc.  HLA HART argued for positivism and Fuller of natural law on nazi wife case Jurisprudence if a legal theory CRITICISM of SCHOOLS Hard to distinguish law from custom o Malinsky said that law consists of reciprocity Eugene Ulrich- megalomaniac jurispendence HLA Hart claimed concept law, in shich there are primary rules and  secondary rules to explain the primary rules (conflict, static character,  inefficiency)  o 3 types of secondary rules to deal with these problems o recognition- are rules valid, anyone could issue law, Hans Kelsen said  the way to know if rules are valid are to trace them back to their norm Judicial review- unique to the US, hold judges accountable Case of the Nazi Wife- involves non retroactivity Nuremberg trials- Streletz v. Germany- court held tha prosecution of leaders  ordered to kill was part of the law at the time,  KHW v. GR- once wall fell these man were prosecuted for killing
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Adversarial legal system- dillema fo representing those who have done wrong
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2008 for the course POSC 130 taught by Professor Rentelen during the Winter '08 term at USC.

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posc 130 midterm partial sg - 16/02/2007 16:21:00 Queen v....

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