econ 342-assignment#1

econ 342-assignment#1 - Prof Nugent September 15, 2008...

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Prof Nugent September 15, 2008 Influence of British Rule on Indian Subcontinet The subcontinent India was faced with severe domination by the British rule pre-19 th , where the British rule controlled the Indian economy and the people. They had set their ground and base in India for a long time and it was only in 1947 when India got its independence and was identified as a separate country which later disintegrated into Pakistan as well. Before 1947, India and Pakistan were the same country and it was only after the independence that both the countries got separated. The British rule had a positive as well as negative influence on the Indian subcontinent during its rule. With the British colonial presence two different worlds met one with a very conservative background and the other with a more broad minded one. The more modern ideas of the British clashed with the old school values, beliefs and traditions of the Indian subcontinent. Some of the influences the British had on the Indian subcontinent may include education, religion and social structure, the politics and economy. One of the prominent reason why India was under the British rule for such a long time was because of poverty, and the East India Company had set its foot into the country as they realized the futility of the waging trade wars in remote seas so they thought of exploring all the options in the Indian Subcontinent . The East India Company was primarily an English chartered company that was developed in order to trade with the East and Southeast Asia. It set of as a monopolistic trading body that traded in spices and later expanded to include silk, cotton and other goods. They exploited the peasants and small farmers of their wealth by charging them high trade tariffs and multiplying the land revenue greatly
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Arora#2 which was not considered easy because the farmers suffered from famines. Thus in order to combat their drawback of poverty, they had no choice but to remain dominated under their rule. During its time, the British have had a transitory and exceptional interest in the growth of India. As stated in the article, the “Future Results of British Rule in India”, “The aristocracy wanted to conquer it, the moneyocracy to plunder it, and the millocracy to undersell it.” British education being introduced, earlier on in terms of primary and secondary schools and then further as English-medium colleges, in the Indian subcontinent brought about a completely new wave of change, instilling intellectual wisdom and visionary knowledge in the people so that they could broaden their horizon. The number of people attaining education in the schools was mushrooming at tremendous pace with only after sixty years of the inauguration of the schools the figures were as high as eight thousand people going to High school and approximately five hundred thousand people acquiring secondary education. The lust and fervor amongst Indians to acquire British education was enormous and they would strive for it just so that they could get
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econ 342-assignment#1 - Prof Nugent September 15, 2008...

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