psych101 learning - Further away the stimuli are from the...

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November 12, 2007 Classical Conditioning Pavlov’s experiment: 1. Before Conditioning- unconditioned stimulus (meat powder) unconditioned response (salivation) 2. During Conditioning- conditioned stimulus (bell) + UCS (meat powder) UCR 3. After Conditioning- CS (bell) presented alone conditioned response (salivation) Extinction trials- present CS alone Spontaneous recovery- CR returns after a wait Determinants of the Rate of Learning Schedules of Reinforcement 1. Total versus Partial 2. “The Reinforcement Paradox” - under total, learning is faster, but extinction is also faster; under partial, learning takes longer, but is harder to extinguish .5 seconds between CS USC is the best for learning (backward conditioning USC CS works but poorly) Stimulus Generalization – CS is the tone “D”; What happens when A, B, C, D, E, F?
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Unformatted text preview: Further away the stimuli are from the conditioned stimulus, the lower the response strength John Watson Classical conditioning of fear (Little Albert) Habituation: constant presentation of fear-producing stimulus (CS) w/o the UCS (loud noise) Reconditioning by reciprocal inhibition psychotherapy: picture of rat/toy rat candy happiness, then rat candy + happiness November 19, 2007 Final: All of TB material Supplemental Reading from Prelim2 on Skinner & Behaviorism Operant Conditioning at Work Operant Conditioning: CS (piano) CR (Practice) Reinforcement (reward) More practicing Behavior is shaped by its consequences R-R Theory Girl (CS) Looked at (CR) Smile (reinforcement) more frequent looking Superstitious Conditioning: a) Reward by the clock, and not for a specific response The dancing rat b) pre-game rituals...
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2008 for the course PSYCH 1101 taught by Professor Maas, j during the Fall '06 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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