SOC3401 Introduction to Sociological Research Spring 2017 Test II Study Guide (Updated: March 6, 2017) Introduction and the History of Human Subjects Protection - What happened in each of these studies? What ethical violations occurred in these studies? o Nazi Germany research; o Tuskegee syphilis study; o Milgram’s studies of obedience to authority; o Humphrey’s tearoom trade study; and o Zimbardo’s psychology of prison study at Stanford. - Ethical research involves balance. What is being balanced? Explain. - What is the ethical imperative in research? - What is the significance of the National Research Act (1974)? Conducting Ethical Research - What is the Belmont Report (1979)? What are its three basic ethical principles? Identify specific violations of Belmont Report principles in each of the five historical cases (WWII research, Tuskegee, etc.) - Discuss each principle: o Principle 1: What does “respect for persons” entail? Define autonomous agents. What are some examples of individuals with diminished autonomy? o Principle 2: What does “beneficence” entail? Discuss the Hippocratic maxim: “Do no harm.” What type of harm can human subjects experience? Discuss different types of harm and describe examples of each. How can harm relate to both individuals and the community? o Principle 3: What does the principle of “justice” entail? Discuss the benefits and burdens of research, and when injustice occurs. Who has historically bore the burden of research? Who has traditionally benefited from research? Discuss. - What is informed consent? Discuss the three components of informed consent. o Is informed consent just about obtaining a signature? o Can everyone provide informed consent? Is it always possible to obtain?
- Spring '19
- researcher, Ethical Research, good survey items, Nazi Germany research