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PLSC 114 Notes

PLSC 114 Notes - Antigone 11:34:00 The theme of conflict...

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Antigone 11/09/2007 11:34:00 The theme of conflict are core issues of political philosophy “If men were angels, there would be not need for govt” Madison the imposition of order yields government Deep and intractable conflict: pre-socratic philosophers o continual strife and flux o order held back all-pervasive chaos Humanity=conflict to the ancient Greeks Political Life via  Antigone Household and the City Men and Women Sacred and the profane The role of reason in political life o must it take a backseat to laws of kinship Perhaps the first appeal to a higher law Tension between reason and piety Strauss: Theological-Political Problem o from whence does power arrive The conflict between Jerusalem and Athens o faith and philosophy The outline
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Antigone buries her brother against the laws of Creon Creon orders her buried alive Antigone kills herself Creon’s son kills himself Creon’s wife kills herself over her son The obstacles to understanding The locus of family individual and the state male and female The clash of two valid forms of social morality two contending moralities Hegel: “Familial love collides with the right of the state: Creon is not in the  wrong…infraction should be followed by punishment” Creon represents the voice of public, legal reason voice of the public sphere and its claim to supremacy public order and the rule of law safety and well-being of the polis friend and enemy: determined by value to the city o honorable burial would confer equal reward to the good and bad Human reason alone is sufficient to rule
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o deifies reason o Ode to man: contrivance, master the attitude of the “enlightened” proto-elightenment humanism man is the measure: rational agency becomes the  method of mastery, becoming “self-determining” Antigone powerful counterfoil  to the rational utopian Creon representative of family, household She never refers to herself as individual o not individual o daughter, sister, member of a family specific and well defined obligations to her family o conservative: core of morality is to be found in nuclear of family Religion o freely invokes the  gods (Hades) o household is the natural home for the gods o higher law, of undetermined origin Exclusionary, would deny the power of public law Family can exist without the city, the city cannot live without the family
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o The family exists by nature, higher law o Nature and Convention (Phusis, Nomos) The Conflict Goes beyond two social institutions
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