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Wong 1Christy WongProfessor HeuplerHistory 7A4 August 2016Assignment 5: What Happened in Bloody KansasBleeding Kansas was a mini civil war that took place in Kansas during 1854-1859. It began after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. It directed that the residents in Kansas and Nebraska would vote to decide whether they would adopt slavery into their states or not. The passage of the act angered the Northerners. This was because according to the Missouri Compromise, Kansas and Nebraska should be free states. The Southerners were ticked off as well since they wanted Kansas to be a slave state but did not get what they want. Knowing that the decision of Kansas being a slave state or free state would be determined through popular sovereignty, both pro-slavery and antislavery people quickly moved to Kansas. The New England Emigrant Aid Company, groups of anti-slavery men led by Eli Thayer, arrived and settled in Kansas to ensure that the territory would not become a slave state (pbs.org). Proslaverymen from Missouri, who were known as the border ruffians, poured into Kansas as well. These two groups of people engaged in a series of fights politically and physically in these few years.Thousands of border ruffians crossed the border of Missouri and arrived Kansas. They outnumbered the northerners coming into Kansas greatly that they dominated the state legislatureof Kansas. They enacted a law that the Northerners called “Bogus Laws”, which directed that people who spoke or wrote against slavery and those who helped fugitives to escape would be subjected to severe penalties (pbs.org). This angered the Northerners that they set up their own
Wong 2government advocating and enacting laws that were anti-slavery. Kansas, at that point, had two governments. One led by the border ruffians, and the other led by free soilers. There were regular clashes between the border ruffians and free soilers from time to time and the tension between the two groups of people kept on escalating. The first open violence in Bleeding Kansas was the Wakarusa War. A free soiler Charles Dow was killed by Franklin Coleman, who was proslavery, over a land dispute (Mullis). After the murder, Jacob Branson went to recovered Dow’s body. Learning the event, Douglas County Sheriff Samuel J. Jones went to settle the problem. He ordered the arrest of Branson and asked for help from Governor