Historyreviewfall05in word

Historyreviewfall05in word - freedmans bureau The Bureau of...

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freedmans bureau The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands was established in March 3, 1865 after two years of bitter debate. The Freedmen Bureau, as it was commonly called, was to address all matters concerning refugees and freedmen within the states that were under reconstruction.In the beginning, the Freedmen's Bureau did not suffer from lack of funding. The Bureau sold and rented lands in the South which had been confiscated during the war. However, President Johnson undermined the Bureau's funding by returning all lands to the pre-Civil War owners in 1866. After this point, freed slaves lost access to lands and the Bureau lost its primary source of funding.A few of the reasons for the Bureau's failures as a provider for social welfare include the following: lack of funds weak organization of the Bureau's internal structure opposition from conservatives and apathy of the Southern community Despite the many criticisms, the Freedmen's Bureau did help African- Americans gain access to the rights that they were denied during slavery. This site will address four of these rights. Farmers allaince The Farmers' Alliance was an organized agrarian economic movement among U.S. farmers that flourished in the 1880s. First formed in 1876 in Lampasas, Texas, the Alliance was designed to promote higher commodity prices through collective action by groups of individual farmers. The movement was strongest in the South and Great Plains, and was widely popular before it was destroyed by the power of commodity brokers. Despite its failure, it is regarded as the precursor to the United States Populist Party, which grew out of the ashes of the Alliance in 1889. haymarket riots On May 1, 1886 (later known as May Day), labor unions organized a strike for an eight-hour work day in Chicago. By 21st century standards, working conditions in the city were miserable, with most workers working ten to twelve hour days, often six days a week under sometimes dangerous conditions. On May 3 striking workers met near the Cyrus McCormick reaper plant. Chicago police attacked the strikers without warning, killing two, wounding several others and sparking outrage in the city's working communminty
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muckrakers A muckraker is a journalist, author or filmmaker who investigates and exposes societal issues such as political corruption, corporate crime, child labor, conditions in slums and prisons, unsanitary conditions in food processing plants, fraudulent claims by manufacturers of patent medicines and similar topics. The term muckraker is most usually associated with a group of American investigative reporters, novelists and critics from the late 1800s to early 1900s, but also applies to contemporary persons who follow in the tradition of those from that period.Although the term muckraking might appear to have negative connotations, muckrakers have most often sought to serve the public interest by uncovering crime, corruption, waste, fraud and abuse in both the public and private sectors. this lead to the corruption of the meat packing industry with
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Historyreviewfall05in word - freedmans bureau The Bureau of...

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