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US_Govt_Ch_3_Federalism - Govt 2305 US Government The...

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Govt 2305 US Government The Struggle for Democracy Greenberg and Page Chapter 3 Federalism
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Governmental Systems Federalism: A division of powers and functions between the national and state governments. Confederation: A loose association of states/territories/provinces in which the central govt has little power Unitary System: The central government has complete power over the regional governments
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The Federal Framework Federalism is the division of powers and functions between the national and state governments. Framers sought to limit the national government by creating separate sovereigns. Explicit power sharing spelled out in the constitution.
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3-3 Governmental Units in the United States Today
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Constitutional Design of Federalism National Supremacy Limitations on national govt powers Limitations on state powers State role in National Govt Regulation of relations among the states Vertical and Horizontal federalism
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National Supremacy Article VI Supremacy Clause provides that the US Constitution and federal laws enacted take precedent to state laws and constitutions. Vertical Federalism
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Limitations on National government powers Enumerated national powers, Art I, Sec 8 Limits on national powers Art 1, Sec 9 Bill of Rights 11 th Amendment Reservation of power to the states 10 th Amendment
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Limitations on State government powers Article I, Sec 10 Treaty Coin money; Gold and silver a tender of debts Bill of attainder Ex post facto law impair obligations of contracts
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