US_Govt_Ch_2_The_Constitution

US_Govt_Ch_2_The_Constitution - Govt 2305 US Government The...

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Govt 2305 US Government The Struggle for Democracy Greenberg and Page Chapter 2 The Constitution
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The Articles of Confederation: Shays Rebellion An individual was more likely to be imprisoned for debt than for any other crime. Daniel Shays led a rebellion of debtors in Massachusetts in the August of 1786. The rebellion demonstrated need for stronger government.
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Political Theory of the Revolutionary Era Colonists believed that their rights of life, liberty and property seemed threatened by British polices on trade and taxation Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense” Thomas Jefferson’s “Declaration of Independence” Ideas in the declaration are based upon John Locke’s 2 nd Treatise on Government
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The Declaration of Independence Committee of Five - Jefferson, Adams, Franklin, Sherman, Livingston Human beings are inherently equal Government is created by and servant of “the people” Natural human rights is the higher law binding government powers Government are bound by their own laws
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The Declaration of Independence Human beings possess rights that cannot be legitimately given away or taken from them People create governments to protect these rights If the government fails to protect the people’s rights or itself becomes a threat to them, the people can withdraw their consent from that government and create a new one Social Contract
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Republicanism in the 18 th Cent A political doctrine advocating limited government based on popular consent, protected against majority tyranny Concerns: Excess of democracy in the states Threat to property rights in the states
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Comparing Republicanism with the Democratic Ideal Republicanism Govt is based on popular consent Indirect Representation “People” is narrowly defined Narrow eligibility for elected office Elected representatives act as “Trustees” Barriers to majority rule exist Govt is strictly limited
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2008 for the course GOV 39300 taught by Professor Leal during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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US_Govt_Ch_2_The_Constitution - Govt 2305 US Government The...

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