theater review part I

theater review part I - Lighting History Originally outside...

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Lighting History 1600’s – 1700’s move indoors - candles, oil lamps 1803 – Gas light installed in London – adds control element in lighting Objective of Lighting Devices 1. provide visibility 2. reveal shapes and forms 3. 4. 5. 6. establish a rhythm of visual movement 7. reinforce a central visual image Properties of Stage Lighting - The controllable aspects of lighting - Intensity – relative brightness (dimmers) Warm vs. cool colors – - Direction - the way the source is placed on or near the stage forcing the light into a certain angle. – Down light/ backlight/ front light - Form – also known as texture or pattern of the light – gobos - Movement – create a sense of this by shifting the audience’s focus by adjusting the visual composition of stage picture. – cross fading Types of Stage Lights Soft edged spotlights – Fresnel Sharp concentrated spotlights – ellipsoidal reflector spotlight Floodlights – diffuse light – “scoops” Strip lights/ border lights – practical Automated or moving lights – intelligent fixtures Lighting Contras Blackouts; Fades; Cross-fades New technologies include moving lights, color, and tilt Verisimilitude – truthful simulation, believable sounds 1
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The Theater Director - Works most closely with the performers, also works with the playwright (if alive) & the design team. - to the audience a directors work can be less obvious, directors train in ways either through experience as actors or by studying in academic institutions. Evolution of the Director George II, Duke of Saxe- Menninger – 1826-1914 – 1 st director (1874) Function of the director has been around since Greeks Aeschylus directed his own plays, Moliere did too Actor - managers (England) The director prepares… Choosing a script, the “spine” of the play; the style of the production; the Naturalism – more selective than realism Allegory personifying ideas Dramaturge – literary manager; knows a lot about theater The physical production; casting; rehearsals & blocking; director as the audience’s eyes; movement, pace, & rhythm; technical rehearsal; dress rehearsal; previews; opening night. Blocking = movements on stage Director = great unifier The Producer or Manager The behind the scenes: The producer is responsible for: commercial producer; noncommercial producer, raising $ for production; get rights to script; budget; advertising; tickets; auditorium. 2
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theater review part I - Lighting History Originally outside...

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