1-Ch. 3 (FA08-student) - Slide 1 LIFE-SPAN DEVELOPMENT A...

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Slide 1 LIFE-SPAN DEVELOPMENT 3 A Topical Approach to Physical Development and Biological Aging
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Slide 2 PHYSICAL GROWTH
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Slide 3 Patterns of Growth ______________ pattern — growth occurs first at the top—the head—and gradually proceeds from top to bottom _____________ pattern —growth starts at the center of the body and moves toward the extremities Body Growth and Change
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Slide 4 Height and Weight in Infancy Average ___ pounds, ___ inches at birth ______ weight by 1 year 32-35 inches by age 2 Approx 1/2 adult height by age 2 Growth patterns vary due to heredity and nutrition
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Slide 5 Height and Weight in Early Childhood Growth slows each year _____ inches and ____ pounds per year Ave 8 year old = 58 lbs. Growth patterns vary due to heredity, health, and nutrition
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Slide 6 Height and Weight in Middle/Late Childhood Slow, consistent growth Muscle and strength increase Sports easier
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Slide 7 Height and Weight in Middle/Late Childhood Females – retain more fatty tissues (become less satisfied with body) Males – retain more muscle (become more satisfied with bodies) Growth patterns vary due to heredity, health, and nutrition
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Slide 8 Puberty Period of rapid physical maturation involving hormonal and bodily changes that take place in early adolescence Body Growth and Change
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Slide 9 Pubertal Growth Spurt Body Growth and Change
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Slide 10 Body Image in Puberty Adolescents become preoccupied by bodies Girls _____ satisfied Boys _____ satisfied Body Growth and Change
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Slide 11 Early and Late Maturation Males • _______-maturing males: more positive self perception and peer relations during adolescence • _______-maturing males: less positive in adolescence, but more positive (than early-maturing males) by their 30’s Berkeley Longitudinal Study
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Slide 12 Early and Late Maturation Females • _______-maturing females: positive (not as positive as males) but potential problems • _______-maturing females: less positive in adolescence (1965 study). Changing now with females in sports. Berkeley Longitudinal Study
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Slide 13 Early Adulthood Reach peak of muscle tone and strength in _____________________ Subtle changes during this time period Slight decline in the ___________ Body Growth and Change
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Slide 14 Early Adulthood Learn healthy habits now You will age Be gentle with older adults
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