Ch 4 BB part 2

Ch 4 BB part 2 - Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety...

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1 Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety peaks at 13 months of age,  regardless of whether the children are home or sent  to day care.
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2 Deprivation of Attachment What happens when circumstances prevent a child  from forming attachments? In such circumstances children become: 1. Withdrawn 2. Frightened 3. Unable to develop speech
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3 Prolonged Deprivation If parental or caregiving support is deprived for an  extended period of time, children are at risk for  physical, psychological,  and  social problems including alterations in brain  serotonin levels .
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4 Day Care and Attachment Quality day care that consists of responsive adults  interacting with children does not harm children’s  thinking and language skills. However, some studies suggest that extensive time in  day care can increase aggressiveness and defiance in  children.
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5 Self-Concept Self-concept, a sense of  one’s identity and personal  worth, emerges gradually  around 6 months. Around  15-18 months, children can  recognize themselves in  the mirror. By 8-10 years,  their self-image is stable.
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6 Child-Rearing Practices Practice Description Authoritarian Parents impose rules and expect  obedience. Permissive Parents submit to children’s demands. Authoritative Parents are demanding but responsive  to their children.
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7 Authoritative Parenting Authoritative parenting correlates with social  competence — other factors like common genes may  lead to an easy-going temperament and may invoke  an authoritative parenting style.
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8 Adolescence Many psychologists once  believed that our traits were  set during childhood.  Today psychologists  believe that development is  a lifelong process.  Adolescence  is defined as a  life between childhood and  adulthood.
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9 Physical Development Adolescence begins with  puberty  (sexual  maturation). Puberty occurs  earlier in females (11 years)  than males   (13 years).  Thus height in females  increases before males.
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10 Primary Sexual Characteristics During puberty  primary sexual characteristics  — the  reproductive organs and external genitalia — develop  rapidly. 
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11 Secondary Sexual Characteristics Also  secondary sexual characteristics —the  nonreproductive traits such as breasts and hips in girls  and facial hair and deepening of voice in boys develop.  Pubic hair and armpit hair grow in both sexes.
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12 Brain Development Until puberty, neurons increase their connections.  However, at adolescence, selective pruning of the 
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2008 for the course PGS 101 taught by Professor Blan during the Summer '08 term at ASU.

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Ch 4 BB part 2 - Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety...

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