h201-handouts1 - History 201 Hollander Power Civilization...

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History 201 Hollander Power & Civilization Characteristics of civilization: Cities Religious and political institutions Writing systems Increased material complexity Explanations for the rise of civilization: Technological: civilization follows naturally from certain key advances? Material: food surplus permits specialization? Nonmaterial: religion provides a sense of unity & makes organized activity possible? Demographic: population pressure compels development? Chronology: c. 3000 – 2340 Early Dynastic Age (Sumerian city-states) 2350 – 2200 Sargon ! s empire 1792 – 1750 Reign of Hammurabi Terms, People & Places: Sargon Hammurabi Sumeria Cuneiform The Epic of Gilgamesh Further Reading: Diamond, J. M. (1997) Guns, Germs, and Steel: the Fates of Human Societies . New York, W. W. Norton & Co. Sahlins, M. D. (1972) Stone Age Economics . New York, Aldine.
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History 201 Hollander Akhenaten c. 3100 - 2686 BCE EARLY DYNASTIC PERIOD c. 3100 Menes unites Upper & Lower Egypt c. 3100 Hieroglyphics developed c. 2686 - 2181 OLD KINGDOM (Dynasties 3 – 6) c. 2575 ! Great Pyramid " built c. 2181 - 2050 FIRST INTERMEDIATE PERIOD Civil war & weak central government. c. 2050 - 1786 MIDDLE KINGDOM (Dynasties 11 – 12) c. 2055 Mentuhotep reunifies Egypt c. 1786 - 1567 SECOND INTERMEDIATE PERIOD Hyksos infiltrate Egypt. c. 1567 - 1085 NEW KINGDOM (Dynasties 18 – 20) c. 1480 - c. 1450 Reign of Thutmosis III Led 17 campaigns into Palestine and Syria. c. 1490 - c. 1468 Regency of Queen Hatshepsut c. 14?? - 1364 Reign of Amenhotep III c. 1364 - Reign of Amenhotep IV begins (textbook has r. 1372 – 1355) Further Reading: Montserrat, D. (2000)
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