Study guide midterm _1 S 08

Study guide midterm _1 S 08 - HP 400 Midterm #1 Study Guide...

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HP 400 Midterm #1 Study Guide 2008 Borovay From Lectures and Textbook Assignments for Classes # 1 and 2 : 1. Be able to define the term “culture” as presented in the lecture on “Introduction to Culture” A set of guidelines which tells us how to view the world, how to experience it emotionally, and how to behave in it. These guidelines are transmitted from one generation to another by the use of language, symbols, art, and rituals. 2. Know how culture can be protective against disease Elements of culture can be factors in the development and course of disease, or they can provide protection against disease. E.g. Male immigrants from Japan to Hawaii and California were found to have differing rates of CHD, although they were genetically similar. Rates of CHD increased for the men in Hawaii, and increased even more for the men in California, with lifestyle changes. 3. Know what a “Risk Factor” and a “Protective Factor” are. A risk factor is a reliable positive association between some factor (behavior, condition, etc.) and a given disease, injury, or illness. E.g. Toboacca use and exposure can increase the risk of CVD, Cancer and Diabetes A protective factor is a factor whose presence “reduces” the likelihood of disease, injury, or illness. E.g. Dietary practices, gender, social and religious views, and physical activity. 4. From the textbook, Chapter 1: “The Future of the World’s Health”, know what four challenges the author lists for improving the world’s health in the 21 st century [pp. 6-9] #1: A need to reduce greatly the burdens of excess mortality and morbidity suffered by the poor. Focus more on interventions that we know can achieve the greatest health gain possible within prevailing resource limits. #2: A need to counter potential threats to health resulting from economic crises, unhealthy environments and risky behavior. Promotion of healthy lifestyles underpins a proactive strategy for risk reduction, example: cleaner air water, adequate sanitation, healthy diets and safer transportation. #3: A need to develop more effective health systems. The health systems need to improve health status reduce health inequalities, enhance responsiveness to legitimate expectations, increase efficiency, protect ppl from financial loss and enhance fairness in delivery of health care. #4: Need to invest in expanding knowledge base that made the 20 th century health revolution possible and provide the tools for continued gains in the new century. From the Lectures for Classes #3-4 1. From the lecture titled “Global Mortality”:
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a. Know the top three causes of DALY in developed countries Ischaemic heart disease, Unipolar major depression, Cerebrovascular disease b. Know the top three causes of DALY in developing countries Lower respiratory infections, Diarrhea disease, Perinatal disorders (low birth weight) 2. In the lecture on “U.S. Mortality” , --Be able to identify the demographic groups with the highest mortality rates in
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2008 for the course HP 400m taught by Professor Nezami,borovay during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Study guide midterm _1 S 08 - HP 400 Midterm #1 Study Guide...

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