Tooley abortion

Tooley abortion - What properties must something have to...

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What properties must something have to have a right to life? n Tooley begins by analyzing the concept of a right. n To say that someone has a right is to say that others are under certain obligations to act or refrain from acting in certain ways towards him/her. n Such obligations are, however, conditional--they rely on the individual’s desires.
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What constitutes a right? n “A has a right to X” means (roughly) “If A desires X, then others are under a prima facie obligation to refrain from actions that would deprive him of it” (28). n If an individual does not desire what he presumably has a right to, then he has no right to it. If I have no desire for freedom, have you violated my rights in making me your slave? n This analysis, however, still needs clarification.
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What does it mean to desire n Tooley thinks that it is obvious that things lacking consciousness cannot have rights, but can his analysis provide for this truth? n
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Tooley abortion - What properties must something have to...

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