OUTLINE – Lecture 1

OUTLINE – Lecture 1 - OUTLINE Lecture 1...

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OUTLINE – Lecture 1 STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE A. WHAT IS STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE? B. MAIN FEATURES C. PIONEERS: 1. AUGUST COMTE 2. HERBERT SPENCER 3. EMILE DURKHEIM 4. TALCOTT PARSONS D. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE A. STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM? STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM LOOKS AT THE SOCIAL SYSTEM AS AN INTEGRATED WHOLE. IT SUGGESTS THAT BOTH PARTS AND WHOLE ARE FUNCTIONAL AND PRODUCE EQUILIBRIUM. FUNCTIONALITY MAY BE: INDIVIDUAL INTERPERSONAL SOCIETAL B. MAIN FEATURES 1. SOCIETY AS AN INTEGRATED WHOLE 2. SYSTEMATIC 3. INDIVIDUALS ARE INDISPENSABLE no individuals = no social system 4. TEMPORARY IMBALANCES 5. DYSFUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS LEADING TO SOCIAL INTEGRATION AND EQUILIBRIUM ex. terrorists 6. SOCIAL CHANGE IS EVOLUTIONARY 7. SOCIAL INTEGRATION THROUGH LEGITIMIZATION OF SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL STRUCTURE 8. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION IS GOOD C. PIONEERS 1. AUGUST COMTE (1798-1857)
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ORGANIC WHOLE INDIVIDUALS ARE FUNCTIONAL EQUILIBRIUM 2. HERBERT SPENCER (1820-1903) - founder of socialism and fundalism SOCIAL ORGANICISM - societies change includes simple to complex GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT INCREASE IN SIZE LEADING TO INCREASE IN COMPLEXITY AND DIFFERENTIATION DIFFERENTIATION IN STRUCTURE LEADING TO DIFFERENTIATION IN FUNCTION 3. DURKHEIM(1858 - 1917) SOCIAL ORGANISM INTER-RELATIONSHIP OF PARTS AND THE WHOLE 4. TALCOTT PARSON (1902-1979)
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2008 for the course ISS 215 taught by Professor Lang during the Spring '06 term at Michigan State University.

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OUTLINE – Lecture 1 - OUTLINE Lecture 1...

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