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Lecture 6 Powerpoint - B JOHN LOCKE(1632-1740 C JEAN...

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 5/6/09 Click to edit Master subtitle style Political institutions  and inequality Lecture 6 ISS 215
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 5/6/09 OUTLINE A. WHAT ARE POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS? B. COMPONENTS C. EMERGENCE OF POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS D. FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS E. THEORETICAL DISCUSSION
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 5/6/09 POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS A. POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS? AN INTERRELATED NETWORK OR SYSTEM OF BELIEFS, ACTIVITIES, ORGANIZATIONS, AND RELATIONSHIPS THAT DIRECTS AND REGULATES THE COLLECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF A SOCIETY OR OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
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 5/6/09 EMERGENCE B. EMERGENCE OF POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS 1. POPULATION GROWTH 2. URBANIZATION 3. CULTURAL HETEROGENEITY 4. INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE 5. INDUSTRIAL DIVISION OF LABOR 6. DIVERSITY, ANONYMITY, INDIVIDUALISM
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 5/6/09 COMPONENTS AND  FUNCTIONS C. COMPONENTS 1. STATE 2. GOVERNMENT 3. POLITICAL PARTIES D. FUNCTIONS 1. EXTERNAL PROTECTION 2. INTERNAL ORDER 3. PROTECTION AGAINST NATURAL DISASTERS
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 5/6/09 THEORETICAL DISCUSSION 1. SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY A. THOMAS HOBBES (1588-1679)
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Unformatted text preview: B. JOHN LOCKE (1632-1740) C. JEAN ROUSSEAU (1712-1778) 5/6/09 THEORETICAL DISCUSSION 2. ELITE THEORY A. SOCIAL POWER IN ALL SOCIETIES IS IN THE FEW HANDS KNOWN AS ELITES B. ELITES CONTROL THE MAJOR RESOURCES C. ELITES ALWAYS ENDEAVOR TO PROTECT AND PRESERVE THEIR POWER D. THEY USE MEANS TO RULE THE SOCIETY E. THEY ARE USUALLY INVISIBLE IN 5/6/09 THEORETICAL DISCUSSION 3. THE PLURALIST MODEL THE PLURALIST MODEL SUGGESTS THAT INTEREST GROUPS AND LOBBYISTS WHO DO NOT REPRESENT ANY POLITICAL PARTY PLAY A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN DECISION MAKING PROCESS AT LOCAL AND NATIONAL LEVEL 5/6/09 THEORETICAL DISCUSSION 4. MACHIAVELLI (1469 - 1527) A. MERCY, FAITH, INTEGRITY, HUMANITY, AND RELIGION SHOULD BE USED AS TOOLS B. USE OF FORCE AND CRUELTY TO MAINTAIN ORDER C. AVOID NEUTRALITY D. VICIOUSNESS, GREED, CRUELTY, AND LUST E. CUNNING LIKE A FOX AND FORCEFUL...
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