ch.10 - BIOL 2311 Modern Biology I Chapter 10 Biological Science Volume 1 Scott Freeman(4th Edition Mehmet CANDAS PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis is the

ch.10 - BIOL 2311 Modern Biology I Chapter 10 Biological...

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Mehmet CANDAS BIOL 2311 Modern Biology I Chapter 10 Biological Science Volume 1, Scott Freeman (4th Edition)
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Photosynthesis is the physico-chemical process by which plants, algae and photosynthetic bacteria use light energy to drive the synthesis of organic compounds. In plants, algae and certain types of bacteria, the photosynthetic process results in the release of molecular oxygen and the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere that is used to synthesize carbohydrates (oxygenic photosynthesis). Other types of bacteria use light energy to create organic compounds but do not produce oxygen (anoxygenic photosynthesis). Photosynthesis provides the energy and reduced carbon required for the survival of virtually all life on our planet, as well as the molecular oxygen necessary for the survival of oxygen consuming organisms. Almost 10% of the total atmospheric carbon dioxide is reduced to carbohydrate by photosynthetic organisms every year. PHOTOSYNTHESIS
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