Outline 5& 6 - Final 5. Discuss the relationship...

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Final 5. Discuss the relationship between the acquisition of new territories and the spread of slavery between the 1840 &1860. in order to fully answer this question, you will need to explain the background to, and the result of the Mexican-American war; the Compromise of 1850; the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854; and “Bleeding Kansas.” I. Mexican-American War a military conflict fought between the United States and Mexico war from 1846-1848, in awake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Tx Mexico - not recognized the withdrawing of Tx in 1836 & announced to take back what is considered a rebel province United States - war was a partisan issue, supported by most Democrats and against most Whigs, with popular belief in the manifest destiny of the US ultimately translating into public support for the war. In Mexico, the war was considered a matter of national pride The most important consequence of the war was the Mexican Cession, in which the Mexican territories of California and New Mexico were ceded to the United States under the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. In Mexico, the enormous loss of territory which resulted from the war encouraged the central government to enact policies to colonize its northern territories as a hedge against further losses. II. Compromise of 1850 a series of laws that attempted to resolved the territorial and slavery controversies arising from the Mexican-American War the five laws balanced the interests of the slave states and the South and the free states. California was admitted as a free state; Tx received financial compensation for relinquishing claim to lands of the Rio Grande (now: New Mexico) - the territory of New Mexico was organized without any specific prohibition of slavery; the slave trade was abolished in Washington, D.C; and the stringent Fugitive Slave Law was passed requiring all U.S. citizens to assist in the return of runaway slaves. Compromise further endorsed the doctrine of " Popular Sovereignty " for the New Mexico Territory. The various compromises lessened political contention for four years, until the relative lull was shattered by the divisive Kansas-Nebraska Act . III. Kansas-Nebraska Act K-N Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansa and Nebraska and opened new lands for settlement & allowed the settlers to decided whether or not to have slavery new Republican Party formed in reaction against allowing slavery where it had been forbidden, emerged as the dominant force throughout the North The act was designed by Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois. While not repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the new law did deem it "inoperative and void". The act established that settlers could decide for themselves whether to allow slavery, in the name of "popular sovereignty" or rule of the people. Opponents denounced the law as a concession to
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2008 for the course HIST 1377 taught by Professor Buzzanco during the Fall '05 term at University of Houston.

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Outline 5& 6 - Final 5. Discuss the relationship...

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