Identification_for_History_Final[1] - Identification for...

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Identification for History Final Alexander Hamilton ( January 11 , 1755 or 1757 July 12 , 1804 ) was an Army officer, lawyer, Founding Father , American politician, leading statesman, financier and political theorist. One of America's foremost constitutional lawyers , he was a leader in calling the U.S. Constitutional Convention in 1787; he was one of the two leading authors of the Federalist Papers , the most important interpretation of the United States Constitution . James Madison ( March 16 , 1751 June 28 , 1836 ), an American politician and fourth President of the United States of America (1809–1817), was one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States . Considered to be the "Father of the Constitution ", Madison played a bigger role in designing the 1787 document than anyone else. In 1788, he wrote over a third of the Federalist Papers , still the most influential commentary on the Constitution . As a leader in the first Congresses, he drafted many basic laws and was responsible for the first ten amendments to the Constitution, and thus is also known as the "Father of the Bill of Rights ". [1] As a political theorist, Madison's most distinctive belief was that the new republic needed checks and balances to limit the powers of special interests, which Madison called factions . [2] He believed very strongly that the new nation should fight against aristocracy and corruption (especially of British origin), and was deeply committed to creating mechanisms that would ensure Republicanism in the United States . [3] As leader in the House of Representatives , Madison worked closely with President George Washington to organize the new federal government . Breaking with Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton in 1791 , Madison and Thomas Jefferson organized what they called the Republican part y [4] (the future Democratic-Republican Party ), in opposition to key policies of the Federalists , especially the national bank and the Jay Treaty . The Whiskey Rebellion , lesser known as the Whiskey Insurrection , was a popular uprising that had its beginnings in 1791 and culminated in an insurrection in 1794 in the locality of Washington, Pennsylvania , in the Monongahela Valley . It was conducted by Appalachian settlers who resisted the excise tax on liquor and distilled drinks. This tax had been proposed by United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton , [1] passed by Congress, and signed into law by President Washington First Bank of the United States - was proposed and brought into being under the aegis of the first Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton . Along with establishing a mint and an excise tax, the purpose of Hamilton's proposed bank was to: Establish financial order, clarity and precedence in and of the newly formed United States. Establish credit—both in country and overseas—for the new nation.
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2008 for the course HIST 1377 taught by Professor Buzzanco during the Fall '05 term at University of Houston.

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Identification_for_History_Final[1] - Identification for...

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