Civil War - a. Northern abolitionists and southern...

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American History—1377 Theories on the cause of the Civil War : 1. Slave Power a. The Civil War resulted from a well-organized conspiracy of Southern slaveholders determined to convert the United States into a nation of masters and slaves. Their plan, if allowed to prevail would have led to the violation of the rights and liberties of all free men. 2. States Rights and Nationalism a. The Civil War was a collision over issue of states rights versus national supremacy in which most northerners considered secession treason. The Union was not a voluntary compact but a perpetual entity that existed before the states and secession was defiance of legitimate political authority. 3. Economic Sectionalism a. Moral and constitutional issues over slavery disguised economic self- interests of the north and south. The war resulted from rival economies; the north an expanding, commercial, industrialized section and the south, a static, agrarian, staple-producing region. 4. Blundering Politicians and Irresponsible Agitators
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Unformatted text preview: a. Northern abolitionists and southern “fire-eaters” generated hatreds and passions which made a rational settlement of sectional differences impossible. This was further complicated by incompetent politicians of both regions who could not find an acceptable compromise to both northerners and southerners. 5. The Right and Wrong of Slavery a. Slavery was the single most important cause of the Civil War. Northerners felt a moral urgency to abolish slavery while southerners fought to hold on to the cornerstone of their civilization and way of life. 6. Conflict of Cultures a. The Civil War resulted from two distinct and antagonistic cultures. The North was a bustling, restless section of men and women who believed in progress, growth and intellectual ferment, while the south was semi-backwards and out of harmony with nineteenth century ideals. However, the south viewed the north as a “hotbed” of “isms,” feminism, abolitionism, som, etc....
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2008 for the course HIST 1377 taught by Professor Buzzanco during the Fall '05 term at University of Houston.

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