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Running head: THE ZODIAC SIGNS AND PERSONALITIES 1Annotated Bibliography, Zodiac Signs and PersonalitiesApril BestPSY 101: Introduction to PsychologyProf. Carmilla Solomon11/13/2016
THE ZODIAC SIGNS AND PERSONALITIESThe Zodiac Signs and PersonalitiesIn times long before Christianity, we have been looking to the planets and the stars for answers. The zodiac signs have long been thought responsible for our personalities all dependingon the day, location, time, and planetary alignment. A Capricorn, for example, may hear “Oh you’re a Capricorn huh? That would explain your drive to be the best at everything you do” or “Now it makes sense why you are never willing to admit when you are wrong.” The 12 months of the year are divided into 12 zodiac signs, and each zodiac sign has been given their personalized set of “guidelines” as to how their personalities are. There are many among us who believe that the zodiac signs play a valid part in our personalities. Some people are skeptics and believe it to be a coincidence when we portray the description, while others are convinced that the description of their zodiac sign fits their character perfectly due to the planets alignment when they were born. Science has shown more times than not that there is not a connection between zodiac signs and our personalities. Why is it that we have been using the stars and planetary alignment for centuries and astrology is not considered to be scientific? I will start with what science is. Science is the systematic study of a topic through experimentation and observation. The study must prove to beable to be duplicated consistently. Even though we see the stars and planets duplicate their locations, we are not able to consistently duplicate the behaviors of humans based only on their zodiac calendars. Many experiments have been done to prove/disprove that the zodiac signs effect our behaviors. In 1977 Nicholas Hume of Northside Community Health Center in Roswell Georgia, and Gerald Goldstein of Veterans Administration Hospital in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania conducted a
THE ZODIAC SIGNS AND PERSONALITIEStest based on the hypothesis bases on the various features of an individual’s astrological chart, their personal characteristics can be predicted. 196 college age subjects performed the MMPI andthe Leary Interpersonal Check List. Subjects were divided into groups of extreme and non-extreme test scores. There was a total of 632 comparisons made and evaluated (Hume & Goldstein, 1977). This clinical study extracted astrological information of the subjects, including their exact time of birth, date, and birth place. Astrological charts for each subject were created.