midterm 1 questions with answers

midterm 1 questions with answers - 1. The scientific method...

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1. The scientific method came into being during __________. A. the so called “dark ages” B. the renaissance C. the rise of introspection D. behaviorisms dominance over introspection ANS: B 2. Which of the following was a major problem for introspection? A. reliable measures of quantifying thought processes B. lack of theory to describe thought C. linguistic theories could not be supported by introspection D. the absence of abstract constructs ANS: A 3. Critical periods, specifically in language acquisition ___________. A. were consistent with behaviorist theories of operant conditioning B. needed justification that were outside the realms of cognitive psychology C. added to increasing arguments against the tenets of behaviorism D. were fundamental in diminishing the strength of introspection as a scientific endeavor ANS: C 4. Behaviorists would likely agree with which of the following statements? A. Accounts for animal behavior will be fundamentally different than accounts for human behavior B. All behaviors can be broken down into irreducible concepts C. Behavior is complex, therefore theories will inevitably reflect this complexity D. Understanding thought processes is possible through stringent experimental settings ANS: B
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5. Rats learn to associate food with sickness quicker than learning an association between an electric shock and sickness. This is because the __________ and __________ display “belongingness.” A. unconditioned stimulus; conditioned stimulus B. unconditioned response; conditioned response C. unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response D. conditioned stimulus; conditioned response ANS: A 6. Contiguity in classical conditioning means that two stimuli are A. Close in time B. Close in space C. Reliably dependent on one another ANS: A 7. Every morning Adam goes into work and immediately checks his inbox to see if he has any emails from the night before. During the course of the day he typically receives about 15 emails, though they come at different points in the day. As a result, Adam typically spends an appreciable amount of time checking his email and sometimes his inbox is full, sometimes it is empty. Adam’s schedule for checking his email is considered to be a __________. A. fixed ratio B. variable ratio C. fixed interval D. variable interval ANS: D 8. Which of the following is best able to define what a “reinforcer” is? A. Something sought by an organism to satisfy a desire B. Something that brings an organism back to a base-line state C. A higher probability response that is made contingent on a lower-probability response. D. Something that always results in pleasure (reward) or in displeasure (punishment).
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ANS: C 9. Suppose that an animal has been classically conditioned. Then we present the CS a number of times without the US. Which will happen? A. The animal will stop showing the CR--the association it learned has been lost.
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midterm 1 questions with answers - 1. The scientific method...

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