midterm 1 review 2.17

midterm 1 review 2.17 - PSYC 215 Midterm 1 Review Session...

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Unformatted text preview: PSYC 215 Midterm 1 Review Session 2.17.08 Overview Beginning of Psychology Cognitive Psychology Vision Attention Philosophy Nativism vs. Empiricism Dark Ages Not much science, only theological matters The Renaissance The scientific method Observation Introspection Structualism Goal: find the structures that comprise thought Functionalism Goal: understand mental processes, not structures How does CC work? Effectiveness Belongingness Novelty Systematic and conditional Random presentation of CS and US doesnt work S-R vs. S-S S-R (Stimulus-Response) Builds association with CR not UR Cant account for higher- order conditioning S-S (Stimulus- Substitution) Uses internal representations of CS and US association More favorable view than S-R Operant Conditioning Trying to increase or decrease the probability of a behavior with reinforcement or punishment Schedules of Reinforcement Fixed Ratio Variable Ratio Fixed Interval Variable Interval Leahey & Harris Classical Conditioning Concerned with instinctive reactions Operant (instrumental) Conditioning Concerned with voluntary behaviors Some terms to look at Generalization Inhibition Conditioned emotional reactions (CERs) Classical Conditioning An experimenter classically conditions a participant to produce a fear response upon hearing the sound of a trumpet. Soon, the participant begins to produce a similar fear response to the sound of a trombone. This is most likely an example of: A) Discrimination B) Generalization C) Secondary conditioning D) Instrumental conditioning Classical Conditioning An experimenter classically conditions a participant to produce a fear response upon hearing the sound of a trumpet. Soon, the participant begins to produce a similar fear response to the sound of a trombone. This is most likely an example of: A) Discrimination B) Generalization C) Secondary conditioning D) Instrumental conditioning Operant Conditioning True or False? Operant conditioning involves waiting for an organism to make a voluntary response and then rewarding that response. Operant Conditioning True or False? Operant conditioning involves waiting for an organism to make a voluntary response and then rewarding that response. Chapter 1: Cognitive Perspective What ever happened to behaviorism? Why are fixed-action patterns and critical periods important? What other fields made use of abstract constructs? Chapter 2: Methods Descriptive research Relational research Experimental research Neuroscience The brain Chapter 2 Types of Research Descriptive research Naturalistic observation Case studies Relational research Experimental research The brain!...
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This note was uploaded on 09/25/2008 for the course PSYCH 215 taught by Professor Willingham during the Fall '08 term at UVA.

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midterm 1 review 2.17 - PSYC 215 Midterm 1 Review Session...

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