Psych 215

Psych 215 - PSYC 215 Midterm 2 Review Session 3.24.08...

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Unformatted text preview: PSYC 215 Midterm 2 Review Session 3.24.08 Overview • Sensory Memory and Primary Memory – Chapter 5; Lecture 10 • Encoding – Chapter 6; Lecture 11 • Retrieval – Chapter 7; Lecture 12 • Forgetting – Chapter 7; Lecture 13 • Memory Organization and Storage – Chapter 8; Lectures 14 and 15 • Visual Imagery – Chapter 9; Lecture 16 Sensory Memory and Primary Memory • Modal model of memory • Sperling’s partial report • Iconic memory • Primary memory • Working memory Modal Model Sensory Memory • Sperling’s Partial Report • Iconic memory – Large capacity – Brief duration • Echoic memory – Auditory version of iconic memory Primary Memory • Forgetting – Proactive interference • Earlier learning interferes with new learning Study Spanish → Study French → Take French Test VS. Sleep → Study French → Take French Test Primary Memory • Forgetting – Retroactive interference • Later learning interferes with earlier learning Study French→Study Spanish→Take French Test VS. Study French→Sleep→Take French Test Working Memory • Components of Baddeley’s (2000) model – Central executive – Visuospatial sketchpad – Phonological loop – Episodic buffer Working Memory • Components of Baddeley’s (2000) model – Central executive • No storage, just coordination – Visuospatial sketchpad • Stores visual information – Phonological loop • Stores auditory information • Two components: phonological store & articulatory control process – Episodic buffer Working Memory • Components of Baddeley’s (2000) model – Central executive – Visuospatial sketchpad – Phonological loop – Episodic buffer • Acts to hold information in a multimodal code – Code can be visual, auditory, semantic information, etc. Encoding • Factors that affect encoding – Emotion – Repetition – Levels of processing – Intention and effort • Which of those actually seem to contribute? Amnesia • Anterograde • Retrograde Amnesia You can’t have _____ without having some _____. Flashbulb Memories • Is there anything special about flashbulb memories? Prior Knowledge and Encoding • Chunking – FB ICB SNC AAP BS – FBI CBS NCAA PBS • Burglar vs. Homebuyer The experiment by Bransford & Johnson (1972) involving the “Washing Clothes” story shows that: A) the same story can be interpreted in multiple ways depending on the context. B) prior knowledge has a large impact on how information is encoded in memory. C) Details that were inconsistent with the script were not recalled. Midterm Review The experiment by Bransford & Johnson (1972) involving the “Washing Clothes” story shows that: A) the same story can be interpreted in multiple ways depending on the context....
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Psych 215 - PSYC 215 Midterm 2 Review Session 3.24.08...

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