midterm 3 questions with answers

midterm 3 questions with answers - 1. Functional fixedness...

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1. Functional fixedness refers to ? A. failure to match the problem to similar problems in memory B. prior knowledge negatively affecting performance on a novel problem solving task C. poor performance on a task because of problem space growth D. poor performance because of repeated use of an ineffective heuristic ANS: B 2. The __________ includes all possible configurations of a problem, and is a way of describing a problem within the information processing tradition. A. structural space B. surface space C. problem space D. gestalt space ANS: C 3. Combinatorial explosion is a critical drawback associated with A. brute force search B. hill climbing C. means-ends analysis D. working backwards ANS: A 4. Which of the following accurately describes the findings and interpretations from Newell and Simon’s General Problem Solver? A. verbal reports provided by human problem solvers are not reliable enough to predict the steps that the General Problem Solver takes to solve a particular problem, although they appeared similar B. the way in which humans and the General Problem Solver solved complex problems was almost identical, even in a very detailed step-by-step comparison C. whereas humans used means-ends analysis, the General Problem Solver was able to complete the problem more efficiently by hill climbing D. the methods used by humans and the General Problem Solver to solve a problem were broadly similar—both used means-ends analysis ANS: D 5. Which of the following best describe the rules that govern all of the permissible sentences that can be formed in a particular language? A. grammar B. syntax C. pragmatics D. competence ANS: A 6. Which of the following exemplifies deep structure? A. “The boy ate the ice cream” is the same as “The ice cream ate the boy” B. “The boy ate the ice cream” is the same as “The ice cream was eaten by the boy”
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C. “The boy ate the ice cream” is the same as “The boy ate the ice cream” D. “The boy ate the ice cream” is the same as “The human ate the ice cream” ANS: B 7. These two sentences “If Jake wins the game, then Jake will win the trophy” and “If the other player forfeits the game, then Jake will win the trophy” can be combined into a single sentence “If either Jake wins the game or the other player forfeits the game, then Jake will win the trophy.” Which principle of grammar describes that this combination process is possible? A. pragmatics B. linguistic performance C. common ground D. recursion ANS: D 8. After an elderly gentleman has a stroke, he is asked to see a neurologist for further evaluation. The doctor asks him about any ailments that he has been having since the stroke, to which the man replies, “It’s been troubling to see the birds and buses live together. I had two days for the escalator and something touched my shoulder afterwards. The dentist has directed some space and I planted my vegetables, but now my television is on the deck.” Which of the following is
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midterm 3 questions with answers - 1. Functional fixedness...

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