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midterm 3 questions with answers

midterm 3 questions with answers - 1 Functional fixedness...

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1. Functional fixedness refers to ? A. failure to match the problem to similar problems in memory B. prior knowledge negatively affecting performance on a novel problem solving task C. poor performance on a task because of problem space growth D. poor performance because of repeated use of an ineffective heuristic ANS: B 2. The __________ includes all possible configurations of a problem, and is a way of describing a problem within the information processing tradition. A. structural space B. surface space C. problem space D. gestalt space ANS: C 3. Combinatorial explosion is a critical drawback associated with 4. Which of the following accurately describes the findings and interpretations from Newell and Simon’s General Problem Solver? 5. Which of the following best describe the rules that govern all of the permissible sentences that can be formed in a particular language? 6. Which of the following exemplifies deep structure? A. “The boy ate the ice cream” is the same as “The ice cream ate the boy” B. “The boy ate the ice cream” is the same as “The ice cream was eaten by the boy”
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C. “The boy ate the ice cream” is the same as “The boy ate the ice cream” D. “The boy ate the ice cream” is the same as “The human ate the ice cream” ANS: B 7. These two sentences “If Jake wins the game, then Jake will win the trophy” and “If the other player forfeits the game, then Jake will win the trophy” can be combined into a single sentence “If either Jake wins the game or the other player forfeits the game, then Jake will win the trophy.” Which principle of grammar describes that this combination process is possible?
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