Review Session 2008

Review Session 2008 - Review Session Paper If you haven't...

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Unformatted text preview: Review Session Paper If you haven't done so, please turn in a HARD COPY of your paper! TAs will try to finish all the grading by May 5th. Study Guide Key words and findings (the exam will include terms and findings not cited here, too; however, below are basic terms and findings with which you should be very familiar) Ch. 9: Group Social facilitation vs. Social loafing Zajonc (1968) Deindividuation Group and attitudes, memory, decision making, brainstorming Stasser's research Mutual enhancement effect Groupthink Wittenbaum & Park (2001): more effective group discussion Sherif et al.'s (1961) summer camp study Prisoner's dilemma game Schopler et al.'s (2001):group vs. individuals in prisoner's dilemma game Ch. 10: Close Relationships Propinquity effect Closed vs. open field Adams & Plaut (2003): Ghanaian friendship David Buss (2000): friendship and evolution Similarity and liking What is beautiful is good Diener et al. (1995): happiness and physical attractiveness What is attractive? What is love? Love and marriage; cultural differences Gender differences in mate preference Investment model Attachment theory and attachment style Narcissism and relationship Ch. 11: Prosocial Behavior Reciprocity norm Darley & Latane (1968) bystander intevention Factors associated with "not helping" Mood and helping Dan Batson vs. Bob Cialdini on motives for helping Culture and helping (Levine et al. 2001) Helping in 36 U.S. cities (Levine et al. 1994) Volunteerism vs. Helping Omoto & Snyder (1995): motives for volunteerism What is social dilemma? De Cremer (2002) Dickerson et al. (1992) Ch. 12: Aggression Biological theory Evolutionary theory Social Learning theory Social exclusion Explanation: Twenge et al. (2001) Anderson & Dill (2000): video game Individual differences Regional differences Gender differences Puente and Cohen (2003): jealousy, love, and violence Ch. 13: Stereotype, Prejudice, Discrimination Stereotype vs. prejudice vs. discrimination Devine (1989): automatic vs. controlled processes Why stereotypes persist? Schaller et al. (2002) Communicability Outgroup homogeneity Modern racism Contact hypothesis Jigsaw classroom Relations between Explicit & Implicit measures of prejudice Mood effect of stereotype Consequences of stereotype, prejudice, discrimination (Eye of the Storm) Stereotype threat fMRI study Health Psychology Stress and immune system Learned helplessness Social support Pennebaker et al. (1988) Labot et al. (1990) Afflek et al. (1987); Bower et al. (1998) Optimism (why does it work?) Sample Question 1 An examination of a psychiatric hospital records over 85 days revealed that the harsher methodphysical and chemical restraintwas used with black patients nearly four times as often as with white patients. This is an example of ... a. stereotype b. prejudice c. discrimination d. sadism Sample Question 2 a. b. c. d. When does a minority group have an influence on a majority group? When a majority group is coherent When a majority group is diverse When a minority group is coherent When a minority group is diverse Sample Question 3 What is the main finding on group brainstorming? a. group is wellsuited for brainstorming b. group is not wellsuited for brainstorming c. group cohesion is a key factor predicting the effectiveness of brainstorming d. A common goal is a key to effective group brainstorming Sample Question 4 a. b. c. d. Research shows that a common goal, mutual interdependence, repeated interaction, equal status, among others are key to reduce prejudice. This is a description of .... Evolutionary theory of prejudice Social learning theory of prejudice Contact hypothesis Common goal hypothesis Sample Questions 5 a. b. c. d. What is attractive? Averaging of various faces Asymmetry Mature face Novelty Final Exam May 5th, 9am Bring #2 Pencils Good Luck! ...
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