amy project essay - Running Head ESSAY PROJECT 1 Amy Faddis...

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Running Head: ESSAY PROJECT 1 Amy Faddis Essay Project Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood Mohave Community College
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ESSAY PROJECT 2 Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood Section One The present essay is a description essay that aims to describe the process of psychosocial development that occurs for children during their middle childhood. Middle childhood is characterized by children aged from about 6 to 11 years old. This is when the children are at a school going age and have expanded their social circle towards their peers at school and their teachers apart from their parents or siblings. Environment plays a large influence in the psychosocial development at this stage and many processes take place to enhance the social and emotional development of children effectively. Typically, at this age, children are actively engaged in school and have related responsibilities to manage. They have homework assignments, after school activities and chores and younger siblings to take care of. As the children have moved from their primary agents of socialization towards forming friendships with peers, children also try to conform to peer standards in matters such as clothing or language or preferences and media (Berger, 2014). In the middle childhood, children experience many changes in their emotion and personality. These may have contributed due to changes in their environment by family relationships or peer relationships. The self has also become more broad and includes more concepts such as their skills and abilities. This leads to the development of self-esteem and an overall self-worth (Papalia & Martorell, 2015). Children however also show more social comparison and evaluate themselves relative to others in terms of achievement and social status (Berger, 2014). Erik Erikson’s theory of stages of psychosocial development suggests that children at this age range go through a crisis of industry versus inferiority. Successful resolution
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ESSAY PROJECT 3 of this crisis opens up the virtue of competence where children start to see themselves as able to master skills and complete tasks. If the child fails to resolve this crisis effectively, it results in feelings of inferiority in relation to other peers who are progressing in school.
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