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Unformatted text preview: The SAT Writing Cram Sheet Before you attempt the SAT, you may want or even need to study some tips about the SAT Writing section . Many say that the SAT Writing section is probably the easiest on the test and therefore can contribute the most points to your cumulative score. Below are some tips on the Improving Sentences and Identifying Sentence Errors questions as well as some general guidelines for writing effective essays. SAT Writing: Grammar Rules to Remember The SAT Writing Identifying Sentence Error (ISE) section tests mainly the grammar rules listed below this paragraph. The ISE tests some of these rules along with your knowledge of English and idiomatic expressions. These rules are pretty simple and straightforward, but knowing them can seriously boost your SAT Writing score, so take note and make sure to memorize them for the actual test. Subject/Verb Agreement In any sentence, the subject and the verb must absolutely agree. The sentence below exhibits good subject/verb agreement: The boys like the new car. Here, the subject is the boys, and the verb is to like. Since the boys is a plural subject, like is the plural form of the verb and is therefore correct. Likewise, the following sentence is incorrect: Matthew cannot stands the new intern. In this sentence, Matthew is the subject (singular) and to stand is the verb. However, the singular conjugation of to stand is stands, not stand. The sentence is therefore incorrect. You may be tricked on subject/verb agreement in the following three ways (always check to see if you are being tricked on a particular question): The subject is very complex or convoluted : The men, seeing that the tank is coming in their direction, runs away. Here, the subject is the men. The verbal phrase seeing that the tank is not a component of the subject, so ignore it. The verb is to run, and the plural form is simply run The subject seems to be singular but is actually plural, or the subject seems to be plural but is actually singular : Everyone in our house agree that the curfew shall be set at midnight. The subject is everyone in our house, which is singular even though it seems to be plural (every one). The verb is to agree, so the singular conjugation is agrees Compound subjects If two parts of a subject are separated by the word and, it is a plural subject: Bob and John like going to the beach together. Separate subjects If two parts of a subject are separated by the word or/nor, the subject is whichever form is closest to the verb: Either the boys or I am going to the new building. The subject closest to the verb is to go, and the form is singular....
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