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5/2/07 All muliple choice TF, first 20 Q= matching Australia and Oceania: Physical and Historical Geography A region? *Historic isolation *Complex interactions between indigenous populations and varied Europeans  cultures *Youthful political govt= still colonies, or recent independence, or shorter modern  history than Europe or Asia.  Some commonality of the peoples Physical geography *Melanesia: “dark islands”(-skin color) -Paupa New Guinea,(<largest pop) the Solomon Islands, Vanutau, Fiji *Polynesia: “many islands” -Society Islands (Tahiti), Hawaiian Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Samoa, Pitcairn  Island- part of american culture. Where decendents of fletcher christian who left  the ship. Mutinous people. *Micronesia: “small islands” -Nauru, Marshall Islands, Guam(U.S. territory)  The names of these islands have to do with what the Europeans thought of them.  Look in the book at how they felt about the populations in the islands.  Australia *Western Plateau- avg elevation 1000 -1800 ft.  *Interior Lowland Basin- east side of the plateau. Runs from the gulf of  Carpentaria to the north of australia *Gulf of Carpentaria *Murray and darling rivers- included in the interior lowland basin. 2 largest  and most important  *gREAT dividing range- western part of Australia. The outback.  Most  people live on the coast on the east. Where agriculture is more developed & 
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weather is better for human settlement. New Zealand- very mountainous. Mountains down the spine of the 2 islands.  Rugged 12000 feet in elevation. West side= more rainy. More moister.  Islands- made from volcanoes *High islands- higher in elevation bc they are younger geologically. May  also still be active volcanoes and have the land replenished *extinct volcanoes- lava flow no longer reaches the surface. Then the  island is subject to weathering. *Lagoons- space between the coral reef and the mountain *atoll-  where the reef remains in the circle shape after the mountain is  worn away.  *barrier islands- circular & long in shape. Barrier to ships.  *Low islands- lower in elevation bc the yare older, weathered, extinct Historical Geography- all people came from s.e. Asia
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