Politics of Sexuality Final Study Guide - Politics of Sexuality Final Study Guide TOPIC ONE HOMOSEXUALITY Homosexual a person whose primary erotic

Politics of Sexuality Final Study Guide - Politics of...

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Politics of Sexuality Final Study GuideTOPIC ONE: HOMOSEXUALITYHomosexual: a person whose primary erotic, psychological, emotional, and social orientation is toward a member of the same sex. ( sex, thinking, feeling,and interacting)Gay: homosexual maleLesbian: homosexual femaleSexual orientation: sexual attraction to ones own sex or the otherBisexual: a person who is attracted to both sexes (recognizes a desire or is attracted to both sexes, high degree of general erotic interest)Queer nation: a person who belongs to this like a person calling themselves a nigger to try to diffuse the negative connotation of “queer” (ex: “nigga”) (blur the boundaries between all “gay” labels)3 types of bisexuality:1.People who have a real orientation: attracted to both sexes from an early age and may or may not be sexually active with both sexes.2.Transitory orientation: temporary involvement with people who are permanently heterosexual (lesbian until graduation)3.Bisexuality as homosexual denial.Research on Homosexuality:1.Biological Theories (purpose: to look for a CAUSE)Hormones: (do they cause it?) no difference in circulating levels of hormones between hetero/homosexualsi.Adult levels: irrelevant because they start years priorii.Prenatal levels: effects it but inconclusiveBrain: left/right handed (most homosexuals are left handed, but also inconclusive)Genes: analyzed family patterns (highly familial) Identical twins if one is gay the other is most likely gay (95%) fraternal twins not as common. (criticized because they only took samples from homosexual communities and didn’t study heterosexual twins)Gender nonconformity: the extent to which an individual deviates from stereotypical characteristics of femininity or masculinity during childhood. (ex: tomboy, tomgirl, etc) RUBYFRUIT JUNGLE!Link between heterosexuality and gender non-conformity? To test this: how traditionally male or female does the child act?How much do they enjoy traditionally gender specific activities?******No link found yet********2)Life Incidents/ Experiences of EnvironmentDoes ones environment influence their sexual orientation?Life incidents, parenting patterns, psychological attributes of a person
“By Default Theory”: unhappy heterosexual experience leads to homosexuality. (Commonly associated with lesbians) *NOT TRUEBell(most validated research!) : studied experiences of childhood andadolescence through four hour face to face interviews about attractionand analyzed possible causal factors, but found NOTHING.3)Psychosocial Theories:Lesbian because the woman doesn’t trust men (lesbians who have hadsex with men experienced satisfaction not true.Seduction myth: seduced by older homosexual (“catch homosexuality”) Most first homosexual experiences occur with peopleof the same or similar ages.

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