world issues unit test 1 review

world issues unit test 1 review - Unit 1 review NATO North...

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Unit 1 review: NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. An intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty. Petrodollars: After America promised to provide military safety for both Saudi Arabia and the world’s countries known to be exporting oil, The U.S in return was the only buyer of this oil; hence people were forced to buy through this sole monopoly (or through U.S. dollars). This resulted in America printing more money without lowering the value of the dollar bill too much. U.S became very rich, and expanded military as a result. Nation States: A certain cultural group (nation) occupying a certain territory (state). Cultural Subnationalism: internal splitting of a country, because entire population is not bound by the same nationalism of the country. Colonialism: the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people. During the imperial era, Britian occupied much of Africa splitting up the territory and essentially forcing the people to assimilate their culture and take away the natural resources. Containment: The act of restricting the progress of a certain cause in order to prevent it from spreading to other areas. During WW2, the U.S tried to contain the amount of communists traveling and spreading their regime over the world by pressuring other countries into military treaties condemning communists from Heartland. Nuclear Proliferation: The spread of nuclear weapons. two types- horizontal (movement of nukes thru military) and vertical (nuclear tech spread from country to country). MAD: Mutually Assured Destruction – where a nuclear attack would be suicidal, as for an action, there will be an equal and opposite reaction. (i.e., the cold war) Deterrence: By having the cost of an action outweigh the benefits, the actioner will be discouraged from doing so. In nuclear warfare, this is what many countries use (i.e., America) to discourage potential enemies from attacking. International Atomic Energy Agency: IAEA is the world's center of cooperation in the nuclear field; it promotes peaceful use of nuke power/ inhibit military use. Decolonization: the undoing of colonization, where the country becomes independent of the empire. World Island: the landmass comprised of Eurasia and Africa. According to the heartland theory proposed by Halford Mackinder, the world was divided into two parts, and one was world island while the other was just periphery. It was believed that by controlling the heartland (eastern Europe) the rest of the world could then be controlled too.
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