Classlecture1 - Environmental & Engineering Geology...

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Introduction Love a geologist and feel the bedrock!
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Geology Geology is the study of the earth. Derived from the Greek “geo”meaning earth and “logos” meaning discourse. Physical Geology: Deals with physical processes on and beneath the earth. Historical Geology: Deals with the history of the earth. Environmental Geology: How geology relates to human activities and issues created by man’s occupancy on the earth. Engineering Geology - The application of geologic principles, techniques, and data to construction, soil stability, the extractive industries (mining, oil, gas), and groundwater resources. Engineering - The art or science of making practical application of the knowledge of pure sciences.
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Early Environmental Engineering The Romans constructed aqueducts to prevent drought and to create a clean water supply for the metropolis of Rome
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The basic differences between the philosophy between geologists and engineers is the geologist is interested in the material as it occurs, and the engineer is interested in the material as it can be used or as it responds to a load.
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Environmental Geology Often relates to solving problems that deal with: Land use issues; Natural hazards; and Human impacts on the environment from both a local and global perspective.
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Land Use Issues Degradation of the physical environment that supplies both renewable and non-renewable resources (generally relates to overpopulation issues). Groundwater Mining Erosion & Sedimentation
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Natural Hazards Earth Quakes Volcanoes Landslides Floods Hazardous Earth Materials Radon Asbestos Hazardous Compounds
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Impact on the Environment (Local) Water Resources Groundwater and Soil Contamination Waste Disposal Issues Extractive Industries Over Development
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Impact on the Environment (Global) Climate Change Ozone Non-Attainment Global Warming Regional Sedimentation/Erosion Issues Water Quality
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Environmental Geology When a geologists brings collective geological knowledge to Prevention (proactive) Assessment (investigative) Abatement (reactive)
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GEOLOGY vs. Biology Geology dictates biology: The earth is approximately 4.5 by old while recorded biological life is only 570 my old Dinosaurs Mankind is approximately 250,000 yrs old Civilized Man is approximately 15,000 yrs old Modern Man is approximately 1,000 yrs old
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Birmingham is the only place in the world where you find the three (3) components needed to make steel in immediate proximity.
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2008 for the course CE 200 taught by Professor Unknown during the Fall '07 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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Classlecture1 - Environmental & Engineering Geology...

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