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EUH midterm 2 - NEP Bolshevik/Menshevik New Economic Policy...

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NEP New Economic Policy, market socialism, Prodrazverstka replaced with tax, peasants have right to sell surplus on free mkt (aka reintroduction of mkt), peasants coop with state only when mkt exchange is profitable to them, currency restabilized, peasants sold % harvest to state, still a guarantee that capitalism will not occur b/c control big econ aspects, temporary retreat-supposed to be correct plan to socialism, 1923-7=High NEP/golden age, 1929-change to forced industrialization by Stalin Bolshevik/Menshevik Bolshevik- Lenin, revolutionist, the working class should lead the revolution in an alliance with the peasantry with the aim of establishing the democratic dictatorship of the proletariat and the peasantry, where the Party acts as extreme revolutionary opposition Menshevik- Marxist scheme, 2 stage theory, liberal capitalism must come first to get to socialism, Russia has no liberal capitalism and thus one is needed b4 Russia can become socialist War Communism Socialism in one country Idea of stalin and bukharin that instead of awaiting a world socialist revolution that Russia should strengthen itself internally so as to build socialism from within Russia itself; thus this is the cause for stalin’s forced collectivization policies; almost could be considered a way for Stalin to wage civil war against his own people Permanent revolution Trotsky; impossibility of socialism in one country, proletariat in developing capitalist countries must take control of their government through revolution in order to prevent complete capitalism from forming Trotsky
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