HIST 106 EXAM 3 - HIST 106 Exam 3 Major Glenn Miller o...

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HIST 106 Exam 33/28/17Major Glenn MilleroTrombonistoBig BandoArmy Air ForceoMissing 12/15/1944American and the WorldUS in Global ContextoAllies’ war debtsAllies spend lots of money oGerman reparation Ruined German economy oUS recognized USSR in 1933Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928)oU.S. Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg and French Foreign Minister Aristide BriandoThe French had proposed the pact to the U.S. with the idea that it would be but one of a number of secret pacts to which the French were a party.oMore than 60 nations signed oRenounced war as an instrument of national policy oSymbolic of the isolationist foreign policy of the USWar Clouds Loom US Isolationism oConcern over the depression oExperience of WWI oAxis Powers: Germany - National Socialists (Nazis) Italy - Fascists (State is more important that the individual) Only have your identity so far as you are in the stateJapan - Militarist faction Need a military power to succeedNeutrality oThe Nye Committee (1934-1937) Munitions manufacturers’ profits oNeutrality Acts (1935, 1936, 1937) US says to maintain neutrality we can’t interact too much with the nations at warThe War in Europe Nazi Germany how we ended up at war oAustria in forced union with Germany 1
oSeizure of Czechoslovakia oInvasion of Poland (1939) Great Britain, England, and France have an agreement with the polishoHitler welcomed US neutrality Believed US made France and Britain win WWISeries of German invasions Britain and France at war with Germany 21 years after WWi (aka “the war to end all wars”The London Blitz (1940-1941) Vera LynnoThe forces sweetheart oBorn 1917 oDecorated by British empire oThere’ll be bluebirds over the white cliffs of doverGermany - Spring 1940oBlitzkrieg (“Lightning War”)DenmarkNetherlandsBelgium LuxembourgFrance German VictoryoMaginot Line (France) oDunkirk (June, 1940)British, French, BelgianThey left everything on the beach and fled oWinston Churchill (British prime minister) said they would never surrender (he hated the germans)Armistice Signing - 1918Armistice Car Museum Armistice Car - 1940oFrench surrender at Compiegne Further Developments oUS lend-lease program (1941) Between the US and EnglandoGermany attacked USSR (1941)US is going to be an “Arsenal of Democracy” Pearl Harbor- December 7, 1941A Nation at War A Nation at WaroProduction shifted to war materiel oRationing2
Coupons to purchase things for citizens so other things could be given to the war effort oExpanded women’s roles Rosie the Riveter oMinorities African Americans HispanicsNative Americans Units are still segregated Japanese-AmericansoExecutive Order 9066o120,000 interned o100,000 US citizens Their businesses, farms and homes were poorly settled financially Lost lots of moneyoSecurity was a factor o“Military Necessity”oRacism was a factor o

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