Chapter 4,5 review

Chapter 4,5 review - Chapter 4-ane has no double bonds-ene has one or more double bonds Geometric Isomer Cis xs are on same side Trans x's are on

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Chapter 4 -ane has no double bonds -ene has one or more double bonds Geometric Isomer Cis- x’s are on same side Trans- x's are on opposite sides 6 Functional Groups 1) Hydroxyl –OH Alcohols- end in –ol Polar and attract water molecules 2) Carbonyl C=O Ketones- within the skeleton Aldehydes- end of the carbon skeleton 3) Carboxyl OH-C=O Carboxylic acids Acidic properties 4) Amino –NH2 Amines Acts as a base Ionized in cellular conditions 5) Sulfhydryl –SH Thiols Two sulfhydryl groups can interact to stabilize protein structure 6) Phosphate –OPO3 Organic Phosphates Can transfer energy between molecules Chapter 5 The 4 Macromolecules 1) Proteins a. Enzymatic, structural, storage, transport, hormonal, receptor, motor, and defensive proteins b. Four levels of proteins structure i. Unique sequence of amino acids ii. Coils or folded patterns 1. Alpha helix 2. Beta pleated sheet iii. Overall shape of the protein resulting from interactions between
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2008 for the course BISC 220L taught by Professor Herrera,mcclure during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Chapter 4,5 review - Chapter 4-ane has no double bonds-ene has one or more double bonds Geometric Isomer Cis xs are on same side Trans x's are on

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