Important_people-_Things_Exam_1 - Importantpeople

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Important people Alfred Hershey – Performed and experiment with Martha Chase using bacteriophages, radioactive sulfur and phosphorus, to determine that DNA is the genetic material. Alfred Russell Wallace – A young British naturalist working in the East Indies who had developed a theory of natural selection similar to that of Darwin’s. Backed down and let Darwin take credit. Aristotle – Believed life forms were fixed. Arranged life forms on a ladder – scala naturae. Each life form perfect and permanent had its rung on the ladder. Carolus Linnaeus – Swedish physician and botanist who classified life’s diversity for the “greater glory of God.” The founder of Taxonomy Charles Darwin – Published the Origin of Species, and did major work in developing the concepts of evolution. Charles Lyell – Thoughts similar to Hutton’s. Developed uniformitarianism. Proposed the same geologic processes are operating today as in the past, at the same rate (1797- 1895) Erasmus Darwin -- Wrote prose and poetry discussing origins of life from a single ancestor, transmutation of one species into another, and effects of competition and sexual selection on species change. Suggested life evolved as environments changed Francis Crick – An Englishman who developed the first double helix model of DNA along with his partner James Watson. Frederick Griffith – A British Medical officer who studied bacteria in mammals. Came up with transformation, and did an experiment with mice using pathogenic cells. Helped discover DNA as hereditary material Georges Cuvier – French scientist who did not believe in gradual evolution, instead he believed in catastrophism (1769-1832) Godfrey Hardy – Individually developed the principle of the Hardy-Weinberg Equation in 1908 Gregor Mendel – Austrian Monk, Lived 1822-1884, Developed laws of inheritance, Work not appreciated until after his death. Father of genetics, used garden peas and drosophilia. James Hutton – A geologist who believed that earth’s features were slowly changing by gradual mechanisms operating around the world. (1726-1797)
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James Watson – An American who developed the first double helix model of DNA along with his partner Francis Crick. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck – Said evolutionary change explains the fossil record and organisms adapt to the environment, but more known for being wrong. First wrong theory: use and disuse: the isea that parts of the body that are used extensively become larger and stronger, while those that are not deteriorate. Second: inheritance of acquired characteristics- stated that organisms could pass these on to their offspring. Karl Von Frisch – Establish the conceptual foundations on which modern behavioral ecology is based, along with Niko Tinbergen and Konrad Lorenz Konrad Lorenz -- Establish the conceptual foundations on which modern behavioral ecology is based, along with Niko Tinbergen and Karl Von Frisch Martha Chase – Performed and experiment with Alfred Hershey using bacteriophages,
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2008 for the course BISC 120Lg taught by Professor 11:00-01:50pm during the Fall '06 term at USC.

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Important_people-_Things_Exam_1 - Importantpeople

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