ids - History Final Exam Review Part 1 The Know Nothing...

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History Final Exam Review Part 1 The Know Nothing Party The party was created out of a nativist movement in the 1850s as a result of fears that cities were becoming overwhelmed with Irish Catholics who took American jobs and threatened American values with Catholicism The party was originally called the American Party and the term “Know Nothing” stemmed from the secrecy of its creation Their platform included strict regulation of immigration, especially Catholics, restricting political office to native born Americans, and bible readings in public schools Its members were mostly white middle-class Protestant The growth of this party indicated that voters had become disillusioned by the two party system and was a precursor to the demise of the Whigs and rise of the Republican party Dawes Severalty Act This act was established in 1887 and allowed the U.S. government to survey Native American tribal land and distribute it out to Indians in plots The Indians were provided with allotments of land in order to get them to live more like white people, each one owning their own plot Its supporters believed that the reservation system was wrong and Native Americans could never be self-sufficient under it The Act resulted in millions of acres of lost land; land not allotted was deemed “surplus” and given to white settlers; Natives didn’t receive large enough plots to be economical The Act attempted to destroy Indian culture and values of unity and replace it with white values of economic independence and a strong nuclear family Social Darwinism This term stems from the late 19 th century during “The Gilded Age” Herbert Spencer applied Darwin’s theory evolution by natural selection to better
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ids - History Final Exam Review Part 1 The Know Nothing...

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