hist200_final_Study_Guide

hist200_final_Study_Guide - History 200 Study Guide Part I...

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History 200 Study Guide Part I (IDs) 1. Know Nothing Party -Stemmed from Nativist -Nativist- feared immigrants taking jobs, influencing prohibition laws, and showing loyalty to pope thereby undermining U.S. democracy -1849- Nativist founded Know Nothing Party- got name by denying its existence -Anti-Catholic -Condemned growing political influence of immigrants -1856- Know nothing voted for Millard Fillmore- Lost -1860- Republicans renounced know nothings but backed Lincoln- Lincoln won -Short lived party 2. Dawes Severalty Act (Dawes General Allotment Act) -1880- Chester Author is president- believes Laissez Faire government has limits -Believes need strong measures to stop immoral behavior (ex/ stopping polygamy among Mormons) -Followed by Grover Cleveland as president -1880's Laissez Faire practiced but selective (ex/ Status of Indians) -Helen Hunt Jackson called for the “protection of the law to the Indian’s rights of property” -1887 Dawes Severalty Act -intended to improve: a). economic conditions of Indians (eliminated common ownership of tribal lands in favor of a system of private property.) b) law distributed plots of land to individual Indians who renounced traditional customs c) law also encouraged these landowners to become sedentary farmers and adopt “other habits of civilized life.” -Law failed–> Indian held lands decreased in following years -Became a land grab for whites 3. Social Darwinism -theory- intellectual justifications of white superiority and economic subjugation of blacks -Late 19 th c. -Journalist, professors, etc. borrowed Charles Darwin idea and argued this hierarchy (few wealthy, growing middle class, diverse ill paid workers) was natural -took concept of “survival of the fittest” -In U.S.- warned of “unnatural” intervention (ex/ labor unions, social welfare legistlation) -Basically distorted scientific theory to justify poor and laboring classes
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-evolved in response to class conflict and other forms of social turbulence in the 1870/80's -Henry War Beecher (minister)- preached govt. had right/obligation to rescue private companies against angry workers/ consumers -Some argued society doesn’t need help–> individuals most prosper or decline based on their inherent characteristic -theory rationalized hierarchy of workplace -theory drew distinctions between superior and inferior races -Influence policy makers- belief of racial superiority supported measures such as immigration restriction and eugenic sterilization laws -Consequences= eugenics: if inferior race bred with superior (Anglo-Saxon) could be detrimental to Anglo-Saxon race 4. The Roosevelt Corollary -early 19 th c. -corollary to Monroe Doctrine (European powers encroaching in /near U.S. land- Monroe and Adams devised plan that said foreign nations would not be allowed to intervene in Western Hemisphere) -However, at the time U.S. couldn’t back it up until 19 th c. -Roosevelt Corollary justified military intervention into Central American countries that
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2008 for the course HIST 200gm taught by Professor Shammas during the Spring '05 term at USC.

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hist200_final_Study_Guide - History 200 Study Guide Part I...

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