hist200-midterm_review

hist200-midterm_review - 06/05/2007 21:51:00 PART...

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Unformatted text preview: 06/05/2007 21:51:00 PART 1-Question 1 1800- Jefferson, Dem-Republican, voted into office 1801- Judiciary Act of 1801, Marbury v. Madison (1803)-Chief Justice Marshall establishes the judiciarys right to declare acts of both the executive and legislative branches unconstitutional. Louisiana Purchase-we gain territory btwn Mississippi River & Rocky Mountains-doubled the size of the country-Louis&Clark sent by Jefferson to explore this territory: divert profitable fur trade away from Canada, into U.S. markets negotiate w/various Indian groups to pave way for miners/ranchers to move into the area 1807- U.S.S. Chesapeake attacked by British vessel Embargo of 1807; Jefferson places embargo on all exports to Europe to force Europe to respect rights of Americans on the high seas/not impress-political divide over economy: -New Englanders threaten to take their states out of union since markets for their products of ships and grain were now gone-but embargo benefited U.S. via promotion of industrialization at home 1808- Congressional ban on slave trade take effect Non-Intercourse Act prevents exports to France and England 1810- Congress passes Macons Bill No.2: if France or England agreed to resume trade w/U.S., U.S. would do so & refuse to trade w/the other country France did it first, pisses British off-War Hawks=sect in Congress-oppose British claims to military/econ. dominance over U.S.- William Henry Harrison leads 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe, beats Indians 1812- War of 1812 starts (lasts from 1812-1815) War Hawks convince U.S. to eliminate British threat on the high seas & Canada-based Indian-British alliance to become truly independent -effects of this so-called 2 nd American Revolution= 1) the conflict eliminated the British from the Old Northwest once and for all 2) the war spurred industrialization and stimulated commerce 3) in South, cotton plantation system began to shape the political/economic life of that region thus stimulating expansion of human bondage/slavery 4) unite Americans under a banner of national expansion, but exposed continuing divisions btwn N+S regions of U.S.:-New England Federalists called it Mr. Madisons War= a plot by Viriginia Dem-Repubs to aid France in opp. to England/to add agrarian (slave) states to union.; as w/the embargo, they saw the war as a threat to their regional commercial interests; they used threat of secession again-the ? of fed. govs power continues-ironically, New England Federalists argue states should control own commerce/militias-divisions continued w/disagreements over national bank, sectionalism & internal improvements 1816: Pres Monroe $ for construct. of roads/canals w/in all this new land (inc. joint occupation w/England over Oregon terr.)-post-war tech/economy: -lots of westward migration to new land, so new means of transportation: new kind of boat powered by steam (fast!); on land, turnpikes/new roads-due to embargo and 1812 war, manufacturing=stimulated in u.s., factories for -due to embargo and 1812 war, manufacturing=stimulated in u....
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hist200-midterm_review - 06/05/2007 21:51:00 PART...

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