STUDY GUIDE ESSAY - On March 4, 1933 Franklin Delano...

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Hoover to deliver one of the most famous and compelling presidential inaugural addresses of all time. He ascended to the podium and was immediately confronted with a nation in retreat, knowing full well it was his duty to turn this retreat into an advance. Well aware of the daunting task that lay ahead of him, Roosevelt spoke with great poise and control. He was confronted with a nation in shambles, a floundering economy, 15 million (CHECK) unemployed Americans—one-quarter of the workforce—and a nation and people in great despair. He knew it was his job to assure the population of a bright future and spark hope throughout the nation; it was his task to confront America’s great Depression head-on and conquer it with his “New Deal”—not simply attempt to wait it out like the president before him. The previous president, Herbert Hoover, had done little and failed to help the dwindling economy and nation and with it, the American people had lost hope and confidence with their president and future; it was FDR’s job to reverse this downward spiral and in doing so he had to first reassure the American people that a great future was in sight and win their trust. Winning approximately 58% of the popular vote and 89% of the electoral college’s votes, FDR was overwhelmingly elected into office in 1932. Despite this great victory, FDR knew that he had to win the trust of the nation in order to get America back on track and very much does so through his inaugural address and “fire side chats.” He was to implement his “New Deal” in order to accomplish this. From the nationwide broadcast of his inaugural address, Roosevelt made it clear that he was a president for the people, a common theme throughout his presidency. First and foremost, Roosevelt asserted hope into the waiting population by saying perhaps one of the most infamous 1
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2008 for the course HIST 200gm taught by Professor Shammas during the Spring '05 term at USC.

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STUDY GUIDE ESSAY - On March 4, 1933 Franklin Delano...

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