Local Government (1) - LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Government 2306 Local Local Governments Governments Dillon Rule All local governments are creatures of the

Local Government (1) - LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Government 2306...

This preview shows page 1 - 11 out of 38 pages.

LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Government 2306
Local Governments Local Governments Dillon Rule: “All local governments are creatures of the state and exist by the authority of the state.”
Local Governments Local Governments Municipal County Special District Each has a unique purpose
County City County City Created by the state Primarily performs functions of state on local level (admin’ve arm of the state) Created at request of local residents Primarily serves needs of local residents
County City County City Not granted a charter Generally, very limited in powers (Much in state constitution) Granted a charter Broader grant of power from state: Limited primarily by local city charter
County Government County Government County government dates back to England in Middle Ages Provisions for county government are listed in detail in the state constitution. Constitution provides for a plural executive system at the county level.
County Commissioners Court County Commissioners Court Consists of a county judge and four commissioners elected from precincts in partisan elections (elected for 4-yr terms). Commissioners precincts must be equal in population ( Avery vs. Midland County Texas, 1968)
County Commissioners Court County Commissioners Court Strictly administrative—not judicial Sets county tax rate Adopts the budget Awards contracts Appoints a few non-elected county officials
“Constitutional” County Judge “Constitutional” County Judge Presides over commissioners court Votes only in case of a tie Is constitutional county judge and may hear court cases Fills vacancies on commissioners court until next election
County Commissioners County Commissioners Serve on the commissioners court In most counties, are individually responsible for maintaining county roads and bridges in their precincts (sometimes called road commissioners)

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture